Constitution Current Affairs - 2019
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The Constitution Day of India (or Samvidhan Diwas) is observed every year on 26th November to mark the anniversary of adoption of Constitution and also spread awareness of Indian Constitution. On this day in 1949, constitution of India was adopted and came into force on January 26, 1950. Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE) is nodal Ministry for the celebration of Constitution Day. This year it was third edition of the Constitution Day (69th anniversary of adoption of Constitution) after it was instituted in October 2015 as part of year-long nationwide celebrations of 125th birth Anniversary of Dr. B R Ambedkar, Chairman of the Drafting Committee of Constituent Assembly.
Some facts about Indian Constitution
Indian Constitution is supreme law of India, which lays down framework that defines political principles, establishes structure, procedures, powers and duties of Government institution. It is core legal document which has nearly 448 articles or provisions in 25 parts, 12 schedules. It is living fundamental document which makes the government system work effectively. It lists out fundamental rights of citizens, duties, role of the government, powers of prime minister, president, governor and chief minister, interaction between the government and its citizens and defines how the federal structure of the country will be maintained. It also defines the powers of the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The key feature of the Constitution is separation of powers while keeping a check on each arm of the government. Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world. It signifies the sovereignty of the people. Its drafters had borrowed concepts and ideas from the Constitutions of UK, US, Germany, Ireland, Australia, Canada and Japan. Dr BR Ambedkar is regarded as the father of the Indian Constitution.
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President Ram Nath Kovind has given his assent to imposition of Governor’s rule in Jammu and Kashmir. This is the eighth time in the last four decades J&K was put under Governor’s rule and third time under J&K Governor N N Vohra tenure.
President’s approval comes after J&K Governor N N Vohra sent his report to President recommending imposition of Governor’s rule in the state day after Mehbooba Mufti-led PDP-BJP government collapsed with BJP ending the three-year-old alliance with PDP, prior to completion of six-year term of the current Assembly which was going to end in March, 2021. No major political party showed interest in forming or continuing any coalition for government in the state. With Governor’s rule, J&K Legislative Assembly has been put under suspended animation.
Governor’s Rule in Jammu & Kashmir
In case of failure of constitutional machinery in any other state of India, President’s Rule is imposed under Article 356 of the Constitution. But in case of J&K, as per Section 92 of state Constitution, Governor’s Rule s imposed in the state only after the consent of the President of India in case of failure of constitutional machinery for period of six months. During the Governors rule, State Assembly is either suspended or dissolved. If the Constitutional machinery is not restored before the expiry of this six month period, the provision of Article 356 of the Constitution of India are extended to J&K and the President’s rule is imposed in the State.