Constitution Current Affairs - 2019
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Chief Economic Advisor Krishnamurthy Subramanian appointed as Advisory Council Member in 15th Finance Commission
The Chief Economic Advisor (CEA) to Central government, Dr. Krishnamurthy Subramanian is appointed as twelfth (12) member of Advisory Council of Fifteenth (15th) Finance Commission (FCc).
It now has 12 members, which include noted economists Surjit Bhalla, Arvind Virmani, Indira Rajaraman and M Govinda Rao among others.
Role and Function:
- To is to advise FC on any relevant matter or subject related to Terms of Reference (ToR) of Commission.
- To assists FC in preparing any research paper or study which would enhance commission’s understanding on issue contained in its ToR.
- To help expand FC understanding in adopting best national and international practices on matters of fiscal devolution and
- To help improve quality, reach and enforcement of FC recommendations.
- It is constituted under article 280 of Constitution by President of India. It mainly gives its recommendations on tax devolution i.e. distribution of tax revenues between Union and States and amongst states themselves.
- It is appointed for a period of five years and comprise of five member including one chairman and four other members.
- First FC was constituted under chairmanship of Shri K.C. Neogy on 6th April, 1952.
Fifteenth Finance Commission
- It was constituted in November 2017, to give recommendations for tax devolution and other fiscal matter for five fiscal years, 1 April 2020- 31 March 2025.
- It is chaired by N. K. Singh, and members Ajay Narayan Jha, Ashok Lahiri and Anoop Singh. Ramesh Chand is a part-time member in FC.
Tags: Advisory Council • Ajay Narayan Jha • Article 280 • Arvind Virmani • Ashok Lahiri • Chief Economic Advisor • Constitution • Dr. Krishnamurthy Subramanian • FC • Fifteenth Finance Commission • Indira Rajaraman • K.C. Neogy • President • Surjit Bhalla • Terms of Reference
The Punjab and Haryana High Court has instructed states of Punjab, Haryana and Union Territory Chandigarh to not mention the caste of the accused, victims or witnesses in proceedings before the court.
What did the High Court say?
The High Court while passing a ruling in a murder case where the Haryana police had mentioned the caste of the accused witnesses and the victim during the proceedings stated this is not permissible and the caste system was profoundly illogical and was also against the basic tenets of the Constitution.
The High Court stated that mentioning the caste separately in the criminal proceedings is a colonial legacy and requires to be stopped henceforth. The Constitution guarantees a casteless and classless society. All are born equal.
The High court directed the governments to issue instructions to all investigating officers not to mention the caste of the accused, victims or witnesses in recovery memos, FIRs, seizure memos, inquest papers and other forms prescribed under CrPC and Punjab Police Rules.