Constitution Current Affairs - 2020

18th Bench of CAT in UTs of Ladakh and J&K

The Government of India recently inaugurated the 18th Bench of Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) for the Union territories of Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir.


The setting up of CAT bench for Jammu will reduce the burden of several courts. The bench will deal exclusively with the service matters of government employees.

It is to be noted that earlier the GoI under Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 had specified Srinagar and Jammu as the places where the CAT benches will sit for the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Union Territory of Ladakh.

Central Administrative Tribunal

The CAT was established under Article 323 of the Constitution. The tribunal will adjudicate complaints regarding conditions of service of public servants and also recruitment of posts associated with the affairs of the UTs.

The CAT has been conferred with the powers to exercise itself as a High Court. This has been done under Section 17 of the Administrative Tribunal Act, 1985.

The allowances and salaries of the employees and officers of the Tribunal are to be specified by the Central Government.

To Change India’s Name to Bharat

The Supreme Court of India recently ordered to change a plea that requested to change India’s name into Bharat into a representation. The apex court also ordered to forward it to the Union Government, especially the Ministry of Home Affairs.


The petition that was submitted to the court seeks to amend Article 1 of the Constitution. The petition demands to struck off ‘India’ from the Article.

Article 1

Article 1 says “India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States”. India is already called Bharat according to the Constitution.

Why was the petition filed?

According to the petitioner, the name India is of foreign origin. It can be traced back to Greece language “Indica”. On the other hand, the name Bharat is closely associated with freedom struggle and the cry “Bharat Mata ki Jai”.

Hence, changing the name will make sure citizens will get over the colonial past.

Supreme Court

The Supreme Court had earlier dismissed similar petition in 2016. According to the Apex Court judgement, the name India is derived from the Indus river. Also, the court pronounced that every citizen had his right to choose between calling his country India or Bharat.