Constitution of India Current Affairs - 2019

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Meghalaya tribes: Stop Excluding us from Schedule VI

The minor tribes of Meghalaya Hajong, Bodo – Kachari, Mann, Rabha are together put under the category of “unrepresented tribes” for nominations in the state’s autonomous councils. They are in the name of Garo, Khasi and Jaintia. These tribal groups have now asked the CM to exclude them from their provisions of VI schedule of the Constitution.

On September 26, the state Government deciding to recommend to the Standing Committee of the Parliament to remove the word “unrepresented tribes” from the amended special provision. This will deprive certain democratic rights of the communities in the district councils according to MHWA – Meghalaya Hajong Welfare Association.

Sixth Schedule of Constitution

The Schedule – VI in the constitution makes provisions for the administration of tribal areas in 4 states namely Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. It is different from Schedule V that discusses administration of Scheduled areas and Scheduled tribes of other parts of the country.

These areas do no come under regular administration. They have alternate or special governance mechanisms to protect the rights of these people. It is exclusively for welfare and advancement of the ST.

Hyderabad-Karnataka region Renamed ‘Kalyana Karnataka’

After completing the official procedure for renaming Hyderabad Karnataka region Chief Minister of Karnataka B.S. Yediyurappa made the official proclamation to rename the region as Kalyana Karnataka. The Hyderabad Karnataka region comprises six north-eastern districts of Karnataka: Bidar, Kalaburagi, Koppal, Ballari, Yadgir and Raichur.

The announcement was made by CM ahead of hosting of national flag in Kalaburagi on occasion of commemoration of ‘Hyderabad-Karnataka Liberation Day’. All other formalities relating to renaming would follow in consultation with Centre.

Key Highlights

The name ‘Kalya’ (in ‘Kalyana Karnataka’) comes from  Kingdom of Kalyana, which was the epicenter of Sharana movement and Vachana Sahitaya preached and followed by several social reformers, including Basvanna.

The renaming of Hyderabad-Karnataka as Kalyana Karnataka has been a long standing demand of people of the region.

CM also announced that a separate secretariat would be set up for the development of Kalyana Karnataka, through which funds would be released for developmental work.

More funds for the all-round development of Kalyana Karnataka region would be allocated in the next budget.

Background

The Hyderabad-Karnataka region was under Nizams of Hyderabad even after independence (1947) as the last Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur, refused to annex his kingdom to Indian Union. Then on 17 September 1948 he merged with Indian Union after Police Action which forced the Nizam and his army to surrender.

Owing to its backwardness, the region, comprising of Bidar, Kalaburagi, Koppal, Ballari, Yadgir and Raichur enjoys special status under Article 371J of Constitution of India.