Constitution of India Current Affairs - 2019

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Plea for Lifting Ban on Muslim Women’s Entry into Mosques in SC

The Supreme Court on Tuesday admitted for consideration a plea by a couple to lift the ban on Muslim women’s entry into mosques across the country.

Based on the plea by a Pune-based Muslim couple the Supreme Court has issued a notice to the Centre, the Waqf  Board and the All India Muslim Personal Law Board (AIMPLB).

What are the arguments made by the Petitioner?

  • Banning the entry of women into Mosques violates Articles 14 (Equality), 15 (Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth), 21 (Protection of life and personal liberty), 25 (Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion) and 29 (Protection of interests of minorities) of the Constitution.
  • Bar on Muslim women entry to mosques was violative of Article 44 of the Constitution of India, which encourages the State to secure a Uniform Civil Code for all citizens, by eliminating discrepancies between various personal laws currently in force in the country.
  • The petition also laid emphasis on the apex court’s Sabarimala verdict where the Supreme Court had lifted the ban on entry of women into Kerala’s Sabarimala temple stating “Religion cannot be used as cover to deny rights of worship to women and it is also against human dignity. Prohibition on women is due to non-religious reasons and it is a grim shadow of discrimination going on for centuries”.

Accepting the petition the Supreme Court had said that “We are only hearing you, and maybe will hear you in the future, because of Sabarimala Judgment.”

Current Situation

At present women are allowed to offer prayers at mosques under the Jamaat-e-Islami and Mujahid denominations and women are barred from mosques under the predominant Sunni faction. Even in mosques where women are allowed, there are separate entrances and enclosures for worship for men and women.

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Constitution Day celebrated on 26th November to mark 69th anniversary of adoption of Constitution

The Constitution Day of India (or Samvidhan Diwas) is observed every year on 26th November to mark the anniversary of adoption of Constitution and also spread awareness of Indian Constitution. On this day in 1949, constitution of India was adopted and came into force on January 26, 1950. Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE) is nodal Ministry for the celebration of Constitution Day. This year it was third edition of the Constitution Day (69th anniversary of adoption of Constitution) after it was instituted in October 2015 as part of year-long nationwide celebrations of 125th birth Anniversary of Dr. B R Ambedkar, Chairman of the Drafting Committee of Constituent Assembly.

Some facts about Indian Constitution

Indian Constitution is supreme law of India, which lays down framework that defines political principles, establishes structure, procedures, powers and duties of Government institution. It is core legal document which has nearly 448 articles or provisions in 25 parts, 12 schedules. It is living fundamental document which makes the government system work effectively. It lists out fundamental rights of citizens, duties, role of the government, powers of prime minister, president, governor and chief minister, interaction between the government and its citizens and defines how the federal structure of the country will be maintained. It also defines the powers of the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The key feature of the Constitution is separation of powers while keeping a check on each arm of the government. Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world. It signifies the sovereignty of the people. Its drafters had borrowed concepts and ideas from the Constitutions of UK, US, Germany, Ireland, Australia, Canada and Japan. Dr BR Ambedkar is regarded as the father of the Indian Constitution.

Month: Categories: National

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