Convention on Biological Diversity Current Affairs - 2020

May 20: World Bee Day

Every year May 20 is being celebrated as World Bee Day by the United Nations. The official celebrations began in 2018.

Highlights

The World Bee Day is celebrated to commemorate the birthday of Slovenian apiculture pioneer Anton Jansa. This year, the World Bee Day is celebrated under the theme.

Theme: Save the Bees

The day is being celebrated to raise awareness about the importance of pollinators, hummingbirds, butterflies, bats.

The Convention on Biological Diversity focuses on conserving these pollinators as well. In 2000, the International Pollinator Initiative was launched at the COP (Conference of Parties) V. The initiative focuses on the sustainability of pollinators in agriculture.

Significance

Bees are the greatest pollinators. They are under great threats currently due to habitat loss, parasites, diseases and agricultural pesticides. According to United Nations, around 35% of world agriculture still depend on pollinators.

International Pollinator Initiative

The International Pollinator Initiative mainly aims to promote coordinated world wide action. It was launched under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The initiative is to run till 2030. India is also a part of the initiative.

The Convention on Biological Diversity is a multilateral treaty. It was opened at the Earth Summit that was held in Rio de Janerio in 1992.

Facts Box: Cheetah Reintroduction Project

Cheetah has become extinct in India for more than 70 years now due to over hunting. Hence, several steps are being taken for the reintroduction of the cat in the country. It was brought up at CMS-COP 13 as well.

Highlights

On January 28, 2020, the Supreme Court of India cleared way for the reintroduction of Cheetah Project. It is expected that the National Tiger Conservation Authority will reintroduce the mammal in Kuno-Palpur Wildlife Sanctuary after conducting an assessment.

Cheetah is the only flagship species to become extinct in India.

The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List has categorized Cheetah as Vulnerable.

Cheetah in India

Cheetah has become extinct in India mainly because of hunting. The last Cheetah was shot in Chhattisgarh in 1947. In 2000, scientists proposed to clone Asiatic Cheetah from Iran. However, the plan was dropped as Iran demanded for an Asiatic lion in return. After such several hurdles, Cheetah is being reintroduced in the country.