Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals Current Affairs - 2020

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India to host 13th COP of UN’s Conservation of Migratory Species; PM Modi to inaugurate

The 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals is to be held in India between February 17, 2020 and February 22, 2020. The Conference is called the CMS-COP-13 in short. The Conference is to be hosted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on behalf of India

Highlights

India has been designated as the President of the Conference for the next three years. The representatives from 130 countries are to participate in the conference. The theme of the conference is as follows

Theme: Migratory species Connect the Planet and we welcome them

The mascot designated for the CMS COP-13 is Indian Bustard

Indian Bustard

The Conservation status of Indian Bustard is Critically Endangered in IUCN red list. Their population has been greatly reduced to 250 individuals in 2008. Their main threats include poaching, hunting, habitat loss, etc.

Significance of India in the conference

Indian Sub-Continent is part of major bird flyway network. It covers areas between Arctic and Indian Ocean. Also, there are more than 182 migratory water bird species and 29 globally threatened species in India.

India is home to several migratory species. It includes amur falcons, snow leopard, black necked cranes, dugongs, marine turtles, humpbacked whales, etc.

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India to host UN Summit on Conservation of Migratory Species in 2020

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has announced that India will host next Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) Conference of Parties 13 (CMS COP13) in year 2020. CMS COP is also known as a Global Wildlife Conference.

Key Facts

The announcement was made during 12th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties 12 (COP12) to CMS held in Manila, Philippines. It was held from 23 to 28 October 2017 and was attended by over 500 delegates from more than 91 countries participated in the summit which is held once in three years. The theme of the CMS COP12 was “Their Future is Our Future – Sustainable Development for Wildlife and People”. This was for first time the summit was held in Asia. The CMS COP12 was also the largest-ever meeting in the 38-year history of the convention.

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)

CMS is an international treaty concluded under aegis of United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), concerned with conservation of wildlife and habitats on a global scale. It is commonly abbreviated as Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) or the Bonn Convention.

CMS aims to conserve terrestrial, marine and avian migratory species throughout their range. It was signed in 1979 in Bonn (hence the name), Germany and entered into force in 1983. Its headquarters are in Bonn, Germany. Since its entry into force, its membership has grown steadily to include over 120 Parties from Africa, Central and South America, Asia, Europe and Oceania.

CMS is only global and UN-based intergovernmental organization established exclusively for conservation and management of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range.

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