Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals Current Affairs - 2020

May 9: World Migratory Bird Day

Every year, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) marks the World Migratory Day on May 9. It is an annual campaign that creates awareness about the need to conserve migratory birds and their habitats. This year the day is being celebrated under the theme

Theme: Birds Connect our World

The theme mainly focuses on ecological connectivity and integrity of ecosystem. The theme also focuses on the tracking technologies that are used to explore the routes of migratory birds in the world.

Highlights

The World Migratory Day was first introduced in 2006 at the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild animals.

Significance of the theme

Connectivity has become essential for migratory species. This is because, currently 1 million species are facing risks of extinction due to loss of connectivity. Migratory birds connect different countries and cooperation among them is essential to conserve these species.

When the birds migrate, they rely upon certain habitats along their pathways. In some countries, the pathways are lost due to lack of conservation steps, urbanization, pollution, global warming, etc.

Thus, year the theme focuses on these connectivity areas.

Key Issues

On the World Migratory Bird Day, the UNEP identifies the following as the key issues. The man-made structures pose great threats to more than 350 species of migratory birds, especially at night. The structures that are made of reflective materials such as glass cause death of several migratory birds.

Apart from the buildings, the wind turbines also pose great threat to these birds.

India to host 13th COP of UN’s Conservation of Migratory Species; PM Modi to inaugurate

The 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals is to be held in India between February 17, 2020 and February 22, 2020. The Conference is called the CMS-COP-13 in short. The Conference is to be hosted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on behalf of India

Highlights

India has been designated as the President of the Conference for the next three years. The representatives from 130 countries are to participate in the conference. The theme of the conference is as follows

Theme: Migratory species Connect the Planet and we welcome them

The mascot designated for the CMS COP-13 is Indian Bustard

Indian Bustard

The Conservation status of Indian Bustard is Critically Endangered in IUCN red list. Their population has been greatly reduced to 250 individuals in 2008. Their main threats include poaching, hunting, habitat loss, etc.

Significance of India in the conference

Indian Sub-Continent is part of major bird flyway network. It covers areas between Arctic and Indian Ocean. Also, there are more than 182 migratory water bird species and 29 globally threatened species in India.

India is home to several migratory species. It includes amur falcons, snow leopard, black necked cranes, dugongs, marine turtles, humpbacked whales, etc.