Convention on the Rights of the Child Current Affairs - 2020

World Children’s Day observed on November 20

The World Children’s Day also known as Universal Children’s Day is observed every year across the world on 20th November. The purpose of this day is to improve child welfare worldwide, promote and celebrate children’s rights and promote togetherness and awareness amongst all children. This day is promoted and coordinated by United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) which works towards the improvement of children’s welfare.

Background

The World Children’s Day celebrate on 20 November every year was first established as Universal Children’s Day in 1954. Later it was officially adopted by United Nations General Assembly on 14 December 1954 by adopting resolution 836 (IX). This resolution had recommended all the countries to institute a Universal Children’s Day as a day of worldwide fraternity and understanding between children.

Why November 20? It is an important date as it is the date in 1959 when UNGA adopted Declaration of Rights of the Child. It is also the date in 1989 when UNGA adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Since 1990, World Children’s Day also marks the anniversary of the date that UNGA adopted both the Declaration and the Convention on children’s rights.

Manipur tops in Breastfeeding, Infant & Young Child Feeding Practices

Northeastern state of Manipur has topped rankings in Breastfeeding and Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in India. The report card on Breastfeeding was released by Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Health and Family Welfare Minister. Union Heath Minister also appealed influential personality on social media to spread message of benefits of breastfeeding to masses.

Key Highlights of Report Card

Low Performing State in country: Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar secured bottom positions in report card. Delhi, National capital of India is also among worst-performing States.

Breastfeeding report card has been developed by devising a composite score based on 3 indicators

  1. Early initiation of breastfeeding
  2. Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months
  3. Complimentary feeding at 6-8 months of child’s age

Facts about Breastfeeding, Infant & Young Child Feeding Practices

As per Convention on the Rights of the Child, every infant and child has right to good nutrition.

World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for 1st 6 months and breastfeeding with home-made food for minimum 2 years.

Undernutrition is associated with 45% of child deaths.

In 2016, 155 million children under 5 year of age were estimated to be stunted (too short for age), 52 million were estimated to be wasted (too thin for height), and 41 million were overweight (or obese), globally.

Nearly 40% of infants 0–6 months old are exclusively breastfed.

Globally, few children receive nutritionally adequate and safe complementary foods.

In many countries less than a fourth (25%) of infants 6–23 months of age meet criteria of dietary diversity and feeding frequency that are appropriate for their age.

Benefits

Every year more than 820000 children’s lives could be saved among children under 5 years, if all children 0–23 months were optimally breastfed.

Breastfeeding improves IQ, school attendance and is also associated with higher income in adult life.

Breastfeeding not only saves child from being malnourished but also saves mother from breast cancer and ovarian cancer.