COP Current Affairs - 2020

United Nations Warns: 4.4 billion people to live with limited water by 2050

On World Water Day, the United Nations warned that 3.5 to 4.4 billion people are to live with limited access to water by 2050. Of these more than 1 billion are to live in major cities.

Highlights

The United Nations also said that today there are 2.2 billion people in the world lacking safe drinking water. Around 4.2 billion of global population are living without adequate sanitation. The data was provided by the UN Secretary General Antonio Gueterres at a press meet.

Recommendations

The United Nations Suggests that the member countries should pay attention to climate risks at all the levels of water management. Also, they should increase their investments towards climate resilient water storage infrastructure.

The upcoming COP26 that is to be held at Glasgow should be used as to reduce the emissions and increase water sustainability. The 26th COP26 is to be held in Glasgow, UK in November 2020.

 

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GoI released Draft Visionary Perspective Plan (2020-30) to Conserve Avian Ecosystem ahead of CMS COP-13

Ahead of the Conservation of Migratory Species Conference of Parties-13 (CMS COP-13), the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has introduced a draft Visionary Perspective Plan (2020-2030) to conserve ecosystems, habitats, avian diversity and landscapes in the country.

Visionary Perspective Plan (2020-2030)

  • According to the draft, there are 1,317 bird species in India. Out of these 72 are endemic, 100 are threatened, 17 are critically endangered, 63 are vulnerable and 20 are endangered. Around 270 species of avifauna fall under “rare” category. It includes pheasants, hornbills, bustards, storks and cranes.
  • The birds are prone to extinction mainly due to poaching, fragmentation of ecosystem, habitat loss and epidemics. The draft also says that stray dog population has increased due to catastrophic decline in population of vultures.
  • The draft says that around 219 bird bio-diversity areas are under severe anthropogenic pressure.
  • The draft also says that 2,01,503 wetlands spread across 2.25 hectares in India are under stress. This is mainly due to agricultural run-offs and urbanization.

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