Core Industries Current Affairs - 2019
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The output from the eight core sectors which include coal, crude oil, natural gas, refinery products, fertilisers, steel, cement and electricity witnessed a growth of 2.1 per cent in February, compared to the corresponding month last year as per the data from the Ministry of Commerce and Industries.
How Core Industries Performed?
- The production of cement (weight: 5.37%) grew at 8%, the most of all core industries.
- Coal (weight: 10.33%) production rose by 7.3%.
- Crude oil (weight: 8.98%) output increased by 6.1%.
- Steel production (weight: 17.92%) increased by 4.9%.
- Natural gas (weight: 6.88%) production increased by 3.8%.
- Fertilisers (weight: 2.63%) production increased by 2.5%.
- Electricity production increased by 0.7%.
- The output of refinery products (weight: 28.04%) declined by 0.8% in February.
The combined Index of Eight Core Industries stood at 125.8 in February 2019 and it was 2.1 per cent higher as compared to the index of February 2018. The cumulative growth of the core industries during April to February 2018-19 was 4.3 per cent.
As per data released by Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry, index of eight core industries slowed down to 4.3% in September 2018. It is lowest growth recorded by core sectors in the last four months, as production of crude oil and natural gas declined by 4.2% and 1.8%, respectively. Previously, lowest growth rate was in May 2018 when core sectors expanded at 4.1%. In September 2018, Fertiliser, cement and electricity sectors output grew by 2.5%, 11.8% and 8.2%, respectively. However, growth of coal, refinery products, and steel sectors declined to 6.4%, 2.5% and 3.2%, respectively.
Core industries are main or key industries of the economy. In most countries, these particular industries serve as backbone of all other industries. In India, there are eight core sectors comprising of coal, crude oil, natural gas, petroleum refinery products, fertilisers, steel, cement and electricity. The eight infrastructure sectors, constitute 40.27% of the total index of industrial production (IIP).
Revised weightage in core sectors: Petroleum Refinery production (weight: 28.04%), Electricity generation (19.85%), Steel production (17.92%), Coal production (10.33%), Crude Oil production (8.98%), Natural Gas production (6.88%), Cement production (5.37%), Fertilizers production (2.63%).