Corona Virus Current Affairs - 2020

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India in Phase 2 of Corona Virus Pandemic; No Community Transmissions in India

On March 18, 2020, the Indian Council of Medical Research announced that India is in Phase 2 of spread of COVID-19 and that community transmissions have not begun in India

What are the phases of COVID-19 Transmission?

There are four stages of COVID-19 transmission according to the World Health Organization. They are as follows

Phase 1: Travelers

It is first reported among the travelers entering the country. At this stage, the virus is to be controlled by thermal screening and quarantine. In order to contain this, India has suspended visas, imposed travel bans, suspended facilities such as visa free travel to OCI (Overseas Citizen of India) card-holders.

Phase 2: Local

At this stage the virus spreads from the travelers to the local people through direct contact

Phase 3: Community Transmission

At this stage, the virus spreads among the people with no history of travel or with no direct contact with infected persons.

India is containing Community Transmission of the virus by emphasizing social distancing, discouraging public gathering, etc. The countries where community transmission has begun includes Italy, China and South Korea.

Phase 4: Epidemic

Epidemic is a condition where the spread of the disease if more than the expected spread of disease.

ICMR to test for Community Transmission

Though, India is in Phase 2 of the COVID-19 transmission, the ICMR (Indian Council for Medical Research) is to test for community transmission. This is to be done by randomly testing volunteers.

Also, so far 1020 patients reporting influenza and pneumonia were tested for COVID-19 by the ICMR. The samples have tested negative.

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Ayushman Bharat to help fight against COVID-19

On March 18, 2020, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has included Ayushman Bharat or the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana to fight against Corona Virus. So far India has recorded 168 confirmed cases of Corona Virus. OF these, India has cured 14 and three have so far died because of the virus.

Highlights

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has involved National Health Authority as well to fight against Corona Virus. The National Health Authority is the implementing agency of Ayushman Bharat. The scheme will help in identifying capacities of 19,840 empaneled hospitals to admit patients. Apart from this the ministry will also include non-profit hospitals to ramp up the facilities.

The plan is to identify these beds and set up an isolated ward for COVID-19 patients.

Other Measures

The Ministry has also included NITI Aayog and Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) to study hospital level preparedness. Also, database of ventilators and beds are to be collected.

 

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