Corona Virus Current Affairs - 2020

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Home Ministry changes rules: State Disaster Relief Funds to be used for migrant workers

On March 28, 2020, the Ministry of Home Affairs introduced new rules under the State Disaster Response Fund. Under the rules, the funds are to be used to facilitate availability of temporary accommodation and food for the migrant workers.

So far 900 have been infected with COVID-19 in India, 21 have died and 80 have recovered.

Around 80% of India’s work force is employed in informal sector and one-third are working as casual labours. They are the most vulnerable to the spread of the virus. Migrants have flooded the yamuna expressway to return to their home towns.

Kolar Mines

Over 1,3000 migrants that attempted to return to Andhra Pradesh from Kola mines have been stopped and quarantined in Kolar district. The Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh state governments are working to facilitate precautionary measures to make sure none of them are infected with COVID-19.

Odisha

The Odisha Government has set up 36 temporary camps to provide shelter and food to the workers migrating from states. They are migrating from West Bengal, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Punjab, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Haryana and Andhra Pradesh.

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What is Defence Production Act, 1950 invoked in the US?

US President Donald Trump invoked the Defence Production Act recently. The act has been invoked in order to direct General Motors, a Multinational Corporation to manufacture ventilators needed to fight COVID-19.

Highlights

The act was enacted in 1950 in response to Korean War. Under the act, President Truman established defence mobilization and also imposed price controls and regulated heavy industries.

In 2011, President Obama invoked the law to force the telecommunications industries to provide information related to the use of foreign-manufactured hardware and software in the networks of the companies.

Three Major Sections of the act

  • The act authorizes the president of the United States to make or even force a business to accept and prioritize contracts that are essential for defence of the country.
  • It authorizes the President to frame regulations, order to allocate services, materials and facilities that will promote defence of the country.
  • It also authorizes the President to force industries to expand production, impose price controls and control consumers to allocate raw materials to fulfill the needs of the country.

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