Corona Virus Current Affairs - 2020

Four Mega Trials of COVID-19 Treatment launched by WHO

The World Health Organization recently launched a mega trial of four most promising corona virus treatments. The organization focuses on repurpose drugs that have already been approved to be safe rather than finding new compounds from the scratch.

What are the four trials?

The WHO is testing four most promising treatments to combat the virus. It includes

  • Remdesivir, an anti-viral compound
  • Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine, the Malarial medications
  • Combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir, HIV drugs
  • Interferon-beta along with the combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir

Remdesivir

The drug was found to treat E-Bola viral infections. The E-bola outbreak broke out in Congo. The drug has been proved that it inhibits other Corona Virus Stains called SARS and MERS.

Chloroquine and HydroxyCholoroquine

This combination that is used to treat Malaria is another method that is being put under trial to treat Corona Virus. These drugs are being prescribed in India currently for the asymptomatic persons that come in direct contact with the persons infected with the virus.

Lopinavir and Ritonavir

The drugs were invented in the US in 2000. They have shown great efficacy in persons infected with MERS virus.

New Hanta Virus Emerges in China after COVID-19

A man in Yunnan Province of China has tested positive for Hanta Virus. He died shortly after he was tested positive for the virus on March 23, 2020.

The symptoms of Hanta Virus are similar to that of the Corona Virus.

About Hanta Virus

The Hanta Virus, also called the Orthohanta virus spreads through rats. It causes hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome according to Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. It transits through urine, droppings, saliva of rodents. The virus enters humans through their nose, mouth or eyes.

Spread of the virus

The virus does not spread from person-to-person. Rather, it spreads when a person comes in direct contact with the bodily fluids of the rodents carrying the virus. It also spreads through bites of the rats.

The virus is not airborne.

Current Challenges

The virus is not something newly discovered. It exists since a long period of time. However, the virus is challenging for the current situation as its symptoms are very similar to that of Corona Virus, Pneumonia, Flu.