CORPAT Current Affairs - 2019
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The Indian Navy recently deployed its P8I surveillance planes for carrying out anti-piracy patrol sorties from Salalah (in Oman) to patrol the Gulf of Aden and other piracy prone areas.
- Objective: The deployment is an expansion of Navy’s Mission Based Deployments (MBD) in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR), to keep the region safe.
- Background: Since 2008, India has been conducting anti-piracy patrols in the commercially and strategically crucial Gulf of Aden. This is the second time in 2019 that the P-8I was operated from Salalah for anti-piracy. First time it was operated in January 2019.
- Services: Indian Navy provides escorting services to Indian flagged vessels as well as provides protection to ships of other countries. Till date Indian Navy has deployed 73 ships on anti-piracy patrols and has escorted over 3,440 ships, out of which 3,027 were of foreign flag and 413 were of Indian flag. Also, no ship under Indian escort has so far been hijacked by pirates.
- Background: In 2012, India placed orders from United States for 12 ‘P-8’ India maritime surveillance and anti-submarine under a $2.2 Billion deal. The deal was later followed up with four more order of these planes.
- Function: It is used for carrying out extensive surveillance of the Indian Ocean region (IOR) and the country’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ).
- It is long-range anti-submarine warfare, surveillance and reconnaissance aircraft capable of broad-area, maritime and littoral operations.
- It is capable of providing a long-range Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA).
- It has also helped in detection of Chinese nuclear and conventional submarines operating in IOR and other regions close to India.
About Mission Based Deployments
With the increasing geo-strategic importance of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) Indian Navy regularly deploys ships for Presence and Surveillance Missions (PSM), off critical choke points or sea lanes in IOR. Under MBD concept, since August 2017 Indian Navy deployments in IOR have been further structured such as that Navy maintains a ship at every choke point in IOR at any point of time.
- India has stepped up its cooperation with Indian Ocean littoral states and maritime neighbours, as part of expanding its maritime engagement. Also, ‘search and rescue’ operations and capability-enhancement activities have also emerged as key areas.
- Under India’s Neighbourhood First policy, Navy undertakes various maritime exercises such as Joint Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) surveillance exercise with Mauritius, Seychelles and Maldives Coordinated Patrols (CORPAT) exercise with Indonesia, Myanmar Thailand and Bangladesh.
Tags: 'Neighbourhood First' Policy • Coordinated Patrols • CORPAT • EEZ • Exclusive Economic Zone • Gulf of Aden • Indian Navy • Indian Ocean littoral states • Indian Ocean Region • IOR • Mission Based Deployments • Oman • P8I surveillance planes • Presence and Surveillance Missions • Salalah • United States
The 2019 Indo-Myanmar coordinated patrol (IMCOR) is taking place from 20 May to 28 May 2019. This is the 8th edition of coordinated patrol (CORPAT) between India and Myanmar.
Objective: The coordinated patrol (CORPAT) initiative between the Indian Navy and Myanmar Navy seeks to address issues of terrorism, human trafficking, poaching, illegal fishing, drug trafficking and other illegal activities harmful to interest of both nations.
Background: The CORPAT series was first started in Mar 2013. Since then it has fostered improved professional interaction and enhanced mutual understanding between the two navies for maritime interoperability.
- Time: The Indo-Myanmar coordinated patrol IMCOR will be conducted from 20 May 2019 to 28 May 2019.
- For the ‘Opening Ceremony’ of 2019 edition, Myanmar Navy Ship namely UMS King TabinShweHtee (773) and UMS Inlay (OPV-54) arrived on 20 May 2019 in Port Blair at Andaman and Nicobar Command.
- Naval Participants: It will be undertaken by Myanmar ships viz. UMS Inlay and UMS King TabinShweHtee with Indian Naval Ship, INS Saryu.
- The patrolling effort by participants will be augmented by Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) from both the navies.
- The ships deployed would patrol along International Maritime Boundary Line (IMBL) between the two countries thus, covering a distance of about 725 Kms over a period of four days.
- During the sea phase of coordinated patrol (CORPAT), prior to ‘Closing Ceremony’ of CORPAT onboard Myanmar Naval Ship, the deployed ships will also undertake joint drills and maneuvers.
Tags: 8th Indo-Myanmar Coordinated Patrol • Coordinated Patrol • CORPAT • IMCOR • India-Myanmar • Indo-Myanmar Coordinated Patrol • INS Saryu • International Maritime Boundary Line • Joint Naval Exercise • Maritime Patrol aircraft • UMS Inlay (OPV-54) • UMS King TabinShweHtee