Corruption Current Affairs

December 9: International Anti-Corruption Day

The International Anti-Corruption Day (IACD) is observed annually across the world on December 9 to raise public awareness of corruption and what people can do to fight it. Observance of the day aims to promote and strengthen measures to prevent and combat corruption more efficiently and effectively. It also highlights the role of the United Nations Convention against Corruption in combating and preventing it. The theme for year 2017 is “United against corruption for development, peace and security”.

This year UNODC and UNDP have developed joint global campaign, focusing on how corruption affects education, health, justice, democracy, prosperity and development. The 2017 joint international campaign focuses on corruption as one of the biggest impediments to achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Corruption

Corruption is a serious crime that can undermine social and economic development in all societies. No country, region or community is immune from corruption. According to United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), every year $1 trillion is paid in bribes while an estimated $2.6 trillion are stolen annually through corruption – a sum equivalent to more than 5% of global GDP. In developing countries, funds lost to corruption are estimated at 10 times amount of official development assistance.

Background

The International Anti-Corruption Day was instituted by UN General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution 58/4 of October 31, 2003. It was adopted to raise people’s awareness of corruption and role of United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) in combating and preventing it. The UNCAC is the first legally binding, international anti-corruption instrument that provides a chance to mount a global response to corruption.

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CVC to develop Integrity Index of 25 Government Organizations

The Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) has decided to develop Integrity Index of 25 Government Organizations in line with its broader strategy and emphasis on preventive vigilance.

The index will be for bench-marking internal processes and controls within organisation as well as management of relationships and expectations of outside stakeholders.

Objectives of Integrity Index

(i) Define what constitutes Integrity of Public Organizations. (ii) Identify different factors of Integrity and their inter-linkages. (iii) Create objective and reliable tool that can measure performance of organizations along these above factors. (iv) Validate findings over period of time to improve upon robustness of tool that measures Integrity. (v) Create internal and external ecosystem that promotes working with Integrity where public organizations lead way.

Key Facts

The Integrity Index will bring out annual scores and rankings of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs), Public Sector Banks (PSBs) and Financial Institutions/Ministries/Departments of Central Government. It will be done by linking essential drivers of vigilance with long term efficiency, profitability and sustainability of organizations and create internal and external ecosystem that promotes working with Integrity in these public organizations.

CVC has adopted research-based approach for creating integrity index with the help of IIM Ahmedabad. The management of all 25 government organizations have been involved in development of the index and it will evolve with changing needs. It can be used by various organizations to measure themselves. Initially 25 organizations have been selected for development of the index. Subsequently, it will be extended to all other CPSUs and organizations of Central Government.

Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)

CVC is apex body of Union Government formed to address governmental corruption. It was established in February 1964 on the recommendations of the K. Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption. It has status of statutory autonomous body and free of control from any executive authority as per provisions of Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) Act, 2003. The CVC is headed by a Central Vigilance Commissioner and has two Vigilance Commissioners.

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