Corruption Perception Index Current Affairs - 2019
Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link
The Transparency International conducted a survey to analyse the best practices followed by the states in the Budget Formulation.
About the Survey
The survey was based on 4 parameters which include public disclosure, budgetary process, post-budget fiscal management and efforts to make the budget more transparent and citizen-friendly. The findings of the survey are:
- The top slot in the survey was occupied by Assam.
- Assam was followed by Andhra Pradesh and Odisha in the ranking of best practices followed by states in the Budget formulation.
- Meghalaya, Manipur and Punjab figured in the bottom list.
- The report notes that Assam is the only state out of the 29 states and 2 UTs, which has published a Citizens Budget in the public domain.
- Also, the government of Assam is the only government that has conducted budget awareness campaigns across 17 districts.
Transparency International is an international non-governmental organization based in Berlin, Germany. Founded in 1993 by a group of individuals who decided to take up a stance against corruption, today from villages in rural India to the corridors of power in Brussels, Transparency International gives voice to the victims and witnesses of corruption. The Corruption Perception Index of Transparency International is the most widely used indicator of corruption worldwide.
India was ranked 81st among 180 countries in Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2017 released by NGO Transparency International. India has dropped by two ranks from 79th slot in CPI 2016. It scored 40 on the scale
CPI ranks countries on a scale of zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean) based on their perceived levels of corruption in the public sector. The index is compiled by using data of World Bank, World Economic Forum (WEF) and other institutions,
Key Highlights of CPI 2017
New Zealand and Denmark were ranked as cleanest countries in 2017 CPI list as in 2016, with scores of 89 and 88, respectively. Syria, South Sudan and Somalia were ranked as most corrupt countries with scores of 14, 12 and 9, respectively. Countries with poorest protection for press and (NGOs were placed at the lowest ranks on the index.
CPI characterised India as among worst regional offenders in Asia Pacific region on grounds of journalists, activists, opposition leaders and even staff of law enforcement or watchdog agencies being threatened or even murdered. India was clubbed with Philippines and Maldives. Pakistan with score of 32 and China with 41 were perceived more corrupt than India.
Among BRICS, Russia is most corrupt than other three counties with a score of 29. South Africa ranked at 71st, after it dropped by seven places compared to CPI 2016.