Corruption Perception Index Current Affairs - 2020

India Corruption Survey 2019

As per the India Corruption Survey 2019, Rajasthan and Bihar fared the worst in country with 78% and 75% of respondents admitting to paying bribes, while Telangana topped the list in south India. The survey was carried out between October 2018 and November 2019 and was conducted by Local Circles, a social media firm and the Transparency International India. It had a total of 1.9 lakh responses from nearly 81,000 unique respondents in 248 districts across 20 Indian states.

As compared to 2018, India’s overall ranking in Corruption Perception Index has risen 3 places to 78 out of 180 countries. While an average of 56% of respondents admitted to paying bribes in 2018, the number has come down to 51% in 2019.

Key Highlights of Survey

Most Corrupt States in India:

Rajasthan tops corruption chart in India. As per India Corruption Survey, 78% people in Rajasthan, participating in survey, admitted to paying a bribe to get work done.

Bihar follows Rajasthan and was placed at second spot. In Bihar 75 % of citizens admitted to paying a bribe to get their work done.

Uttar Pradesh was ranked third in list. In UP 74 % of citizens admitted to paying a bribe to get their work done. Jharkhand shares 3rd spot with UP, where 74% citizens admitted to paying a bribe to get their work done.

Telangana rounds off top 5 list of ‘Most Corrupt States in India’, with about 67% of citizens admitted to paying bribes to get numerous pending work completed.

Punjab ranks sixth in list, where 63% citizens accepted to paying bribes to get their work done. Karnataka shares the spot with Punjab.

Tamil Nadu ranks seventh in most corrupt state’s list. Around 62% of citizens admitted to paying bribes to get their work done.

Least Corrupt States: According to the list, Kerala is one of the least corrupt states, where only 10% of people admitted to paying a bribe to get their work done and all of them gave bribes several times (directly/ indirectly). Besides Kerala, Goa, Gujarat, Odisha, West Bengal, Haryana and Delhi are least corrupt states.

Best Practices in Budget Formulation

The Transparency International conducted a survey to analyse the best practices followed by the states in the Budget Formulation.

About the Survey

The survey was based on 4 parameters which include public disclosure, budgetary process, post-budget fiscal management and efforts to make the budget more transparent and citizen-friendly. The findings of the survey are:

  • The top slot in the survey was occupied by Assam.
  • Assam was followed by Andhra Pradesh and Odisha in the ranking of best practices followed by states in the Budget formulation.
  • Meghalaya, Manipur and Punjab figured in the bottom list.
  • The report notes that Assam is the only state out of the 29 states and 2 UTs, which has published a Citizens Budget in the public domain.
  • Also, the government of Assam is the only government that has conducted budget awareness campaigns across 17 districts.

Transparency International

Transparency International is an international non-governmental organization based in Berlin, Germany. Founded in 1993 by a group of individuals who decided to take up a stance against corruption, today from villages in rural India to the corridors of power in Brussels, Transparency International gives voice to the victims and witnesses of corruption. The Corruption Perception Index of Transparency International is the most widely used indicator of corruption worldwide.