Council of Europe Current Affairs - 2020

UN to draft new international treaty on cyber crime

The United Nations on December 27, 2019, approved a new resolution in order to draft an international treaty to combat cyber crime.

Highlights

Under the new draft, an expert committee will be established. It includes all regions of the world and will meet in August 2020. The Russian drafted resolution was approved by 193 member countries.

The United States suggests that the world should expand the accord on existing 2001 Budapest Convention.

Budapest Convention

The Budapest Convention was the first ever treaty on cyber crime that addressed internet and computer crimes. It was drawn by Council of Europe. At present, it is the only treaty of cyber crime under the United Nations. Countries like India and Brazil have not adopted the convention on the grounds that they did not participate in its drafting.

Council of Europe

It is an international organization that aims to uphold human rights in Europe. IT was founded in 1949. There are around 47 member states associated with the organization. It is totally independent of European Union though it has adopted its flag and partly adopted its flag.

Council of Europe restores Voting Rights of Russia

Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe at Strasbourg (France) has voted in favour of restoring Russia’s voting rights, 5 years after they were revoked over its illegal annexation of Crimean Peninsula.

Key Highlights

Background: In 2014 following Russia’s annexation of Crimea, Russia was stripped of its voting rights. Russia then responded by boycotting assembly and since 2017 the country also refused to pay its share of 33 million Euro to human rights watchdog.

Recently, Russia had also threatened the assembly of quitting the body altogether if it is not allowed to take part in election of a new secretary general to body.

Vote: The Parliamentary assembly voted with 118 in favour and 62 against, and 10 abstentions. The voting was undertaken despite strong opposition from Ukraine.

Outcome: This move now paves the way for Russia to participate in election of a new secretary general for pan-European rights body.

About Council of Europe

It is European continent’s leading human rights organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe. The organisation is separate from European Union (EU).

It was established in 1949 with Headquarters in Strasbourg, France.

Objective: to achieve a greater unity between its members countries for purpose of safeguarding and realising ideals and principles which are their common heritage and also to facilitate their economic and social progress.

Members: It includes 47 member states (including 28 members of European Union).