Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Current Affairs - 2020

CSIR, BHEL signs MoU to push ‘Make in India’ initiative

The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) on promotion of honey production Khadi outlets to also display CSIR products.

Key Highlights of MoU

MoU is signed to leverage expertise available in CSIR with effort of KVIC for promotion of honey production as well as to enable wider outreach of CSIR technologies and products.

MoU will help formalize working relationship between two organizations, CSIR and KVIC in areas like honey testing, promotion of Honey Mission alongside CSIR Aroma Mission as well as proposed CSIR Floriculture Mission. It will also explore display of CSIR technology products at important KVIC outlets, enlisting of CSIR licensees in KVIC network in a way that CSIR products can reach to wider audience.

About Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)

It is a statutory body established by Union Government, under the Parliament’s ‘Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act of 1956’. It was founded in 1956 with headquartered in Mumbai. It works under Union Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), with regard to khadi and village industries within India.

About Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

It was established by Government of India as an autonomous body in September 1942. It has since then emerged as the largest research and development organisation in India. Over the years, CSIR has been pursuing R&D in various sectors and has developed a portfolio of processes, technologies and products in these sectors.

Secretagogin: Protein that helps regulate blood sugar levels identified Indian scientists

Scientists at the Hyderabad based Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) have demonstrated the role of a protein Secretagogin (SCGN) in increasing insulin action in obesity-induced diabetes. Currently, the processes regulating insulin synthesis, secretion, signalling and maturation in diabetes were not completely understood by scientists. These findings were published in the latest issue of the journal iScience.

About Secretagogin

It is a protein that in humans is encoded by SCGN gene. The encoded protein is a secreted calcium-binding protein which is found in cytoplasm. The findings shows that SCGN would soon become a diagnostic marker, and one should check its potential in diabetes management.

Function: As per CCMB the findings have established SCGN as a functional insulin-binding protein with therapeutic potential against diabetes. They show that SCGN binds to insulin and protects it from various stresses, increases its stability as well as adds to its action.

Experiment: The scientists have also shown that injection of SCGN (found at lower levels in diabetic patients) in obese diabetic mice clears excess insulin from circulation and reduces fat mass. CCMB release also said that SCGN treated animals also had lower levels of harmful LDL-cholesterol and lower lipid accumulation in liver cells.

Significance: The findings are significant as various kinds of cellular stresses can result in loss of structure and function of insulin, ultimately leading to diabetes. Diabetes and neurodegenerative disorders like dementia and Alzheimer’s disease are often linked with each other. SCGN is found in lower quantities in brains of Alzheimer’s patients.