Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) Current Affairs - 2020

Nature Index

The Nature Research, a division of the popular Springer Nature recently released Nature Index. India secured 12th rank in the index.

Highlights

The countries that secured top 5 places in the index includes USA, China, Germany, UK and Japan. The top Indian Institutes that were rated high by the index include CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) and IISc Bangalore. Also, three institutions found their places among top 30 Indian Institutions according to Nature Index 2020 ratings. They are

  • Indian Association for Cultivation of Science (IACS), Kolkata at the 7th position
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) at 14th position
  • N Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata at 30th

About Nature Index

The Nature Index is created based on the author affiliation database collected from research articles that are published in around 82 high-quality science journals. These indices are of high importance for the current scenario of COVID-19. This is because, they help to track the researches.

The Nature Index is updated monthly and also releases annual tables of country.

Light Weight Carbon Foam Batteries developed by CSIR

The researcher from Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) has developed light carbon foam that will replace lead batteries. The carbon foam is easy to fabricate, non-toxic and affordable.

Highlights

The researcher is a recipient of INSPIRE Faculty award. The material developed by the institute has the potential to replace lead-acid batteries. It is also useful to make heat sink, electromagnetic interference shielding in aerospace, electrode for lead-acid batteries, hydrogen storage and water purification systems.

Benefits

The raw materials to make the carbon foam is easily available. It also helps to remove oil, arsenic and other metals from contaminated water.

Carbon Foam Batteries

The Carbon foams are porous. The pores in the batteries help increase efficiency. The micro cells completely make a new type of electrolyte structure. Hence, the power, energy and life cycle of the batteries increases.

How are carbon foam batteries better than Lead-acid batteries?

Carbon Foam batteries have better life cycle as compared to the lead-acid batteries. They are built three-fifth the cost of other advanced batteries.

India in Carbon Foam Batteries

The world’s first carbon foam manufacturing unit was set up in Gujarat in 2011. 20% of the produce in these industries are being exported and the rest are being used for electric vehicles.