Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) Current Affairs - 2020

CSIR develop new technology of Geranium Production

CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research) has developed a new low-cost technology to produce Geranium saplings. Geranium acts as an anti-inflammatory and anti-septic agent. It has several medicinal values. The development has been made under Aroma Mission.

About the Technology

The geranium cultivation is being done in aerated glass house currently. With the help of the new technology, geranium can be cultivated at farms just like every other crop.

Also, the other major problem of Geranium cultivation is availability of saplings. The saplings become expensive as the crop gets ruined in rainy season. With the new technology, the saplings can easily be obtained as they are being cultivated in open farms.


The plant is originally from South Africa and is predominantly used in manufacturing essential oils. November is the best suitable sowing season of Geranium. In India, the plant is cultivated in Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and North Easter Regions.

Aroma Mission

The mission was launched to boost cultivation of aromatic crops and medicinal plants. It includes rosemary, lavender and lemon grass. It aims to help farmers fight climate change in rural areas. Under the mission the crops are to be promoted in unproductive and waste lands. It also includes lands that are affected by drought, salinity, water scarcity and floods.

Dr. M.O. Garg takes charge as Director General of CSIR

Dr M.O. Garg has taken charge as Director General (DG) of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR).

He will replace PS Ahuja who had held this post since May 2014.

About M.O. Garg

M.O. Garg is a gold medalist in Chemical Engineering from Nagpur University and has M.Tech degree from IIT Kanpur. He also has completed PhD from University of Melbourne.

Prior to this appointment, he was Director of CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum (CSIR-IIP), Dehradun for the past 11 years.

As of now, Garg is the author for at least 245 papers published in high impact scientific journals and also he has 33 national and international patents to his credit.

He has received two CSIR Technology Awards as well as a CSIR Shield for his commercialization efforts.

About Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)

CSIR is government’s autonomous research agency, established in 1942.

Presently, CSIR has over 4,500 scientists working across 38 laboratories and employs over 9000 scientific and technical personnel.

The research bodies under CSIR cover science and technology focus areas ranging from aeronautics, instrumentation, mining, environmental engineering and to oceanography, geophysics, chemicals, drugs, genomics and biotechnology.