COVID-19 Current Affairs - 2020

G20 countries pledge 21 billion USD to fight COVID-19

On June 6, 2020, the G20 countries pledged over 21 billion USD to fight against COVID-19. The countries have so far injected 5 trillion USD in March 2020 to help fight global economic crisis.

The 21 billion USD commitment was made only by the invited members.


The G20 countries had already injected 5 trillion USD into the global economy in order to help their members take steps in targeted fiscal policies, guarantee schemes, economic measures and counteract economic, social and financial impacts of the pandemic.

The G20 members had also asked the International Monetary Fund and World Bank to support the countries that are in need of instruments required in the fight of COVID-19.


The 21 billion USD funds allocated is to be used in research and development, vaccines, therapeutics and diagnostics. In April, 2020, the G20 called on the NGOs, philanthropies and private sectors and estimated that 8 billion USD is required to close the financial gap in the combat of COVID-19.


It is to be noted that when the G20 leaders met in March 2020, they framed a global response to fight COVID-19 and adopt measures to safeguard global economy. They also planned to minimise trade disruption by enhancing global cooperation.


The Defence Research Development Organization has developed the SUMERU PACS, that helps to reduce sweating of Personal Protective Equipment wearers.


The DRDO scientists found that the PPE wearers felt very uncomfortable after wearing them for more than 30 minutes. They start sweating and this worsens the situation.

In order, to solve this problem, personal air circulation system was developed by DRDO. The system is to be used inside the PPE as a small backpack of 500 grams. This has been named SUMERU PACS. They keep the wearer away from sweats.

About the system

The system draws outside air and the moist air goes out through a front face opening. This cools the neck and head area. The system is highly helpful for doctors and medical staffs who are forced to wear PPEs more than six hours in hospitals.