CPCB Current Affairs - 2020

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Supreme Court Extends Deadline of Transition from BS IV to BS VI

With the Nation-wide Lock Down to contain the spread of Corona Virus, the Supreme Court extended transition from BS IV to BS VI by 10 more days. Initially the deadline was March 31, 2020. However, the order does not apply to the National Capital Region.

Highlights

The order comes after the Federation of Automobile Dealers Association moved to the Supreme court to relax the deadline to sell their stocks of BS IV vehicles. According to the petition filed by the association, currently there are 7 lakhs unsold two wheelers, 12,000 commercial vehicles and 15,000 cars of BS IV standard.

BS VI Standard

The BS VI standard emits five times lesser than that of BS IV standard. The major upgrade that is being brought in BS VI standard is in terms of fuel. A BS VI vehicle should use BS VI fuel. The BS VI fuel has five times lesser Sulphur. Also, the nitrogen oxide levels for BS VI petrol and diesel engines are to be brought down by 70% and 25%.

The Bharat Stage Emission norms were brought in 2000 based on European Emission standards. The standards are set by the Central Pollution Control Board.

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“APNA UREA-SonaUgle” brand of HURL launched-To increase Urea Production

The APNA UREA-SonaUgle brand of HURL (Hindustan Urvarak & Rasayan Limited) was launched by the Union Minister of Chemicals and Fertilizers Shri D V Sadananda Gowda.

Recent developments in Urea Production

In order to make India self-sufficient in Urea, the Union Government approved revival of three Urea plants located in Sindri, Gorakhpur and Barauni. The other two major fertilizer plants at Talcher and Ramagundam are also to be reopened. With these measures GoI projects that the annual production of Urea is to increase by 63.5 lakh metric tonnes per annum.

What is HURL?

HURL is a joint venture of Indian Maharatna companies namely IOCL (Indian Oil Corporation Limited), NTPC (National Thermal Power Corporation) and Coal India Limited. The objective of HURL is to make India self-reliant in Urea. The following are the targets set for HURL

  • Revival of three Urea plants by 2021
  • Increase neem coated urea production capacity to 38.1 lakh metric tonnes per annum
  • To start operations of energy efficient and environment friendly natural gas-based fertilizer plants by 2021. The feedstock (Natural Gas) is to be supplied by GAIL.

Current Scenario of Urea Production

According to National Urea Policy 2015, there are totally 31 Urea producing plants in India. Out of these, 28 units Natural Gas as feedstock. The rest of the units use Naphtha as feedstock.

Concerns

The production of urea is water consuming process. The current annual water consumption of urea manufacturing plants as of June 2019 is 191 million cubic metres. Some of the urea plants in India are yet to abide the 2003 Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection Guidelines, 2003 that was issued by CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board).

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