Crime Current Affairs - 2020

India-Brazil: BIT to be signed; Cabinet approves agreements on legal assistance, Oil

On January 23, 2020, India and Brazil will sign the Bilateral Investment Treaty during the visit of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro. The President is visiting India as a Chief Guest of Republic Day celebrations.

Highlights

The President of Brazil is to visit India between January 24, 2020 and January 27, 2020. The countries will sign 20 agreements during his visit. They will upgrade their Strategic Partnership Action Plan. The plan is to serve as the base for the agreements to be signed. The countries are expected to sign agreements in the sectors of technology, cooperation, logistics and sharing.

Cabinet Approval

On January 23, the union cabinet approved agreements between India and Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in criminal matters and in the sector of oil and natural gas.

Mutual Legal Assistance

According to the agreement, the countries will aid each other in investigation of crimes. This will help to track, confiscate and restrain instruments of crime and also the funds used to finance terrorism.

It is essential for India to sign such crime record sharing agreements with a greater number of countries to maintain internal security. This helps to track the criminals and prevent extradition. It will also help to hasten investigation processes and help end the cases with right justice.

Oil and Natural Gas

The Cabinet also cleared the agreement signed by India and Brazil on Oil and natural gas. According to the agreement, the countries will work towards establishing cooperation in production and exploration of oil and natural gas.

Brazil

Brazil is the 12th largest oil producer in the world. With raising tensions between US and Iran and increasing oil prices, it is important for India to search for alternative to keep oil prices under control.

“Cyber AASHVAST” Cyber Crime Prevention Unit launched in Gandhinagar, Gujarat

On January 11, 2020, Home Minister Amit Shah launched the country’s first Cyber Crime Prevention Unit called the “Cyber AASHVAST” in Gandhinagar. Along with AASHVAST, the Video Integration and State Wide Advance Security project called VISWAS was also launched

Highlights

The Cyber AASHVAST is a unit that will act to prevent cyber crimes with the help of VISWAS and NETRANG. It will own an exclusive online portal that will have dedicated service helpline for victims of cyber-crimes. The AASHVAST will also monitor, prevent and control cyber-crimes in the state. Along with AASHVAST and VISWAS, Project NETRANG was also launched. It will establish command and control rooms in 33 districts of Gujarat.

In India the cyber-crimes have almost doubled between 2016 and 2017 according to NCRB. Therefore, GoI is taking many measures to bring them under control.

Government Measures

The Government recently launched the I4C (Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre) and established Cyber and Information Security Division (C&IS). The C&IS will implement NATGRID (National Intelligence Grid), NISPG (National Information Security Policy).

The NATGRID is an intelligence grid that connects databases of security agencies operating under GoI. The National Information Security Policy aims at protection of information in cyberspace. It elaborates security concepts and best security practices to be implemented. These practices will be made mandatory for the ministries to implement in order to protect government data.