Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS) Current Affairs - 2020
On 22 January, 2020, PM Modi chaired the 32nd PRAGATI meet. Under the Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation, the Prime Minister reviewed projects that are being implemented by the union government and their progress.
The Prime Minister discussed 24 projects that were of worth Rs 24,000 crores at the meet. The projects were spread over 9 states namely Telangana, Odisha, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Kerala. It included three projects from Ministry of Railways, one from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and five from Ministtry of Road Transport.
Also, the projects under Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Systems and Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana were discussed
Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Tracking System (CCTNS)
The CCTNS was established in 2009 to create comprehensive and integrated system for effective e-governance. It will interconnect 15,000 police stations and digitize data related to FIR registrations. This aids in developing developing a national database of criminals and crimes.
Previous PRGATI outcomes
At the 31st PRAGATI interactions, projects worth 12 lakh crores were reviewed. It also discussed grievances of Indian citizens working abroad, Aspirational District Programme, National Agricultural Market and infrastructural development programmes. Around 9 projects that were of 61,000 crores of rupees were taken up for discussion. It included Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir as well.
PRAGATI was launched by PM Modi in March 2015. It is an interactive platform to address grievances of common people. The issues faced by the implementing agencies are uploaded in the platform on third Wednesday every month.
Tags: CCTNS • CCTNS Project • Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS) • Electricity • Ministry of Petroleum and Natural gas
Maharashtra became first state in the country to adopt an Automated Multi-modal Biometric Identification System (AMBIS) i.e. digital fingerprint and iris scanning system to help police investigations. This system will soon be replicated by police forces of other states in the country.
Automated Multi-modal Biometric Identification System (AMBIS)
Composition: AMBIS unit comprises computer terminal, camera, and iris, fingerprint, and palm scanners. It also includes portable system to dust off and capture fingerprints from crime scenes.
It can be integrated with facial recognition from CCTV cameras that enables police to cross-reference and apart from solving fresh crimes it can even put faces to criminals whose fingerprints have been captured on paper for more than decades.
AMBIS is updated version of Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS), which has been used by Indian law enforcement agencies to search finger and palm prints. It will replace AFIS which has limited utility, providing only one-to-one fingerprint matches as compared multimodal matches possible with AMBIS.
It also matches standard requirements set by United States National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Implementation: Before its formal launch, system was introduced at selected Mumbai based police stations that have upgraded tech infrastructure like Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS). Now it will be rolled out in the 1,160 police stations, 7 police ranges, 10 central jails, 12 police training centres, and 4 fingerprint bureaus in Maharashtra.
Way forward: AMBIS adopted by Maharashtra Police will soon be replicated across country. State government is working with National Crime Records Bureau to create standards to be used by other state police forces.