Crime Data Current Affairs - 2020

Trakea: A Unique bar-coding software used by Haryana Police

The Haryana Police Department has adopted a unique barcoding software. The software is used to ensure that 1000s of digital forensic reports are stored safe and secure. It offers a foolproof security to the samples collected from the crime scene.

Conventional Forensic Management

In conventional methods, the crime exhibits like parcels or samples are labeled with details like FIR number, names and addresses of victim, medical officers and accused. The crime exhibits include documents, DNA samples, serology, toxicology or biology examinations, lie detections, etc. These exhibits are easy to track and trace as they are stored on FIR number and are available to be tracked virtually by anyone.

About the Software

The Software features two stages of bar coding to maintain the secrecy of the samples. The samples and reports are sent through biometrically authorized chain. The cases are allocated to the biotechnology experts through automated case allocation. Therefore, the experts will not know about the details of the case or the names associated with case. Similarly, the police department or the other officials associated with the case will not know about the details of the professional performing the examination.

Benefits

The software is android based and has been prepared in an application format. Therefore, usage becomes simple. It can be well integrated with the judicial system and doing so will help reduce time lags. Above all, the system helps in reducing malpractices greatly.

National Crime Bureau Statistics released

The National Crime Bureau Statistics for the year 2017 was released on October 21, 2019. The report reveled that Tamil Nadu topped in grave crimes followed by Maharashtra.

The report was created by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) operating under the Home Ministry. The NCRB brings out 3 reports annually namely Crime in India, India and Prison statistics and Accidental Deaths and suicide in India.

Highlights of the report

  • The rise in IPC crimes were the highest in Delhi, Assam and Kerala. On the other hand, the IPC crimes decreased greatly in Mizoram, Gujarat, Himachal, Tripura and Nagaland.
  • Around 50 lakh crimes were registered in 2017. This is a rise of 3.6% from the previous report published in 2016.
  • Murder cases registered across the country declined by 6%. Number of murders in 2016 were 30,450 and in 2017 the number has come down to 28,653
  • The NCRB reported that the number of kidnapping and abduction cases increased by 9% since 2016
  • Haryana topped in sedition cases (the offences committed against state). This increase was mainly due to the huge Jat reservation stir in Haryana in 2017. The sedition cases include damaging public property, providing aid to anti-social elements, etc.
  • The maximum number of crime cases against women were from UP. Majority of the crimes against women under the IPC were registered as follows
    • Out of crime cases against women 33.2% were under cruelty by husband or relatives
    • Assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty contributed 33.2%
    • Kidnapping and Abduction of women contributed 21%
    • Rape contributed 10%
  • Crime against SCs were reported as
    • 30% of crime against SCs were simple hurt cases
    • Cases under SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) act accounted to 13.4%
    • Criminal intimidation accounted to 7.6% of crime cases against SCs.