Criminal Law Amendment Act 2018 Current Affairs - 2020

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Nirbhaya Case Convicts Hanged to Death in Tihar Jail

On March 20, 2020, four convicts of the Nirbhaya Gang Rape were hanged to death in Tihar Jail.

Highlights

In September 2013, a fast track court convicted them with death sentence. Several curative and mercy petitions were filed by them at the Delhi High Court and Supreme Court. In 2017, the Supreme Court upheld death penalty. Recently, in 2020, the Supreme Court refused to take in the petitions.

Article 145

Article 145 of the constitution allows the Supreme Court to frame its own rules. Under the Article, the SC rules its own proceedings, cases handled by the it, transferred to high courts, etc. It has powers to stay proceedings, grant bail, allocate number of judges to sit in a bench, etc.

With this power, the apex court refused to consider the petitions of the accused.

Criminal Law (Amendment) act, 2013

The act was also called Nirbhaya Act. The act made several changes to the punishments of rape and sexual harassment accused. Also, the other laws such as Indian Penal code, Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, Indian Evidence Act were all amended.

J S Verma Committee

Six days after the Nirbhaya incident GoI constituted a judicial Committee under J S Verma. The judicial changes were made according to the recommendations of the committee.

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Eastern Zonal Council Meet to be held in Bhubaneswar

The Eastern Zonal Council meeting for the states of Odisha, Bihar, West Bengal and Jharkhand is to be chaired by home Minister Amit Shah. The meeting is to discuss cases of rape against women, sexual offences, prevention of cattle smuggling in the India-Bangladesh Border, etc.

Highlights

The Home Minister will discuss with the Chief Ministers of all the 4 participating states. The minister will also review the status of the amendments of Code of Criminal Procedure. Under the amendment, the time limit of the completion of investigation of criminal cases were limited to two months. This was done through the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 2018

Previous Councils

In the recent meetings of Western Zonal Council and Northern Zonal Council, the Home Minister directed the state police review pending cases as quickly as possible. The Council also instructed to update case details at Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences. It is an online portal that helps states to undertake real-time monitoring, managing and completion of cases, especially rape cases in 2 months.

Zonal Council

Zonal Councils are statutory bodies constituted under States Reorganization Act of 1956. According to the act, India is divided into 5 zones and a council has been set up for every zone. The zones include Northern, Eastern, Western, Southern and Central. In 1971, the North Eastern council was created.

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