Critically Endangered Current Affairs - 2020

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National Chambal Sanctuary declared as Eco-Sensitive Zone

On March 2, 2020, the Government of India declared National Chambal Sanctuary as Eco-Sensitive Zone. The Sanctuary is home to Gangetic Dolphins and critically endangered Gharials.


The Sanctuary is home to naturally living Gharials. 75% of Gharials live in the Sanctuary. It also harbours 180 species of migratory birds and fresh water Gangetic Dolphins. Being declared as Eco Sensitive Zone, construction of resorts, hotels or other residential and industrial activities are prohibited.

National Chambal Sanctuary

The Sanctuary begins in the Vindhyan Ranges, extends along the Chambal river and ends in Yamuna river. It is spread across Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Eco-Sensitive Zone

The Eco-Sensitive Zones are protected areas that act as “shock absorbers”. They also act as transition zones. They are governed by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change. The governing is an important factor as land is a state subject. There are no acts that regulate the zones. However, they are regulated with guidelines framed by the Ministry.

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The First United Nations Biodiversity Summit CMS COP-13 in India: 3 Migratory Mammals Targeted

India is all set to host the fist Biodiversity Summit of the United Nations. It is to be inaugurated by PM Modi in Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat on February 17, 2020. The CMS COP-13, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species Conference of Parties-13 is the only convention on migratory species.


The Agenda of the convention includes proposals on infrastructure of migratory mammals. The migratory mammals to be focused in the summit includes Gobi bear, Persian Leopard and Urial. The summit will also provide Biodiversity conservation to Ganges river Dolphins, great Indian Bustard and Asian Elephants.

Gobi Bear

The Gobi Bear is a sub species of Brown Bear. It is found in Gobi-desert of Mongolia. As far 2009, there were only 30 adult Gobi Bears in the desert. The IUCN Red List categorizes Gobi Bear under Critically Endangered.

Persian Leopard

The Persian Leopards are found in Iran, Afghanistan and central Asia. The IUCN Red List categorizes them as Endangered. As of 2008, only 871 mature Persian Leopards were recorded. They are threatened by poaching and illegal hunting.


Urials are wild sheep. They are found in western and Central Asia, that is, in Kazakhstan, Pakistan and India. The IUCN Red List categorizes them as Vulnerable.

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