Crop Production Current Affairs - 2020

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Nagpur Oranges Exported to Dubai first Time

On February 13, 2020, the first Consignment of Nagpur Oranges were sent to Dubai from Navi Mumbai. The oranges were sent in refrigerated containers.

Highlights

In the state of Maharashtra, around 40 hectares of land is under cultivation of Nagpur oranges. The APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority) selected Nagpur district as a cluster for oranges under Agriculture Export Policy.

Significance

The production of the fruit is increasing in central and western India. The Mrig crop that matures between February and March has great potential for export. This is because arrival of these fruits are less in the international market during this period.

Global Scenario

The International trade of oranges in the year 2018 was 10,183 million USD. In 2018-19, India produced 8,781 thousand tonnes of oranges.

Mrig Crop

The monsoon flowering, that is during June is called Mrig. These crops are available for harvest between November and March.

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The Pulses Conclave 2020 to be held in Lonavala, Maharashtra

The fifth Pulses Conclave 2020 is to be held in Lonavala, Maharashtra between February 12, 2020 and February 14, 2020. It is a biennial conference.

Highlights

The India Pulses and Grain Association will host the Conclave. Around 1500 stakeholders from India and other countries are expected to participate in the conference. It includes Australia, USA, Myanmar, Canada, Uganda, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, etc. The conference aims at increasing exports, processing efficiencies, protein extraction, value addition and post-harvest management.

Significance

The production of pulses of pulses has been steadily growing. In 2013-14, production of pulses was around 19 million tonnes and it increased to 26.30 million tonnes in 2018-19. According to APEDA (Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority), in 2018-19, India exported pulses for 242.6 million USD.

With India moving towards nutritious food production from self-sufficient food production, area under pulses production has been increased. Today, around 20% of area of agriculture contributes to pulses. MP, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, UP and Karnataka are the leading pulses producing states in India.

The conference will help in achieving India’s goal of doubling farmer income by 2022.

Pulses in India

India is the largest producer of pulses in the world. It accounts to around 25% of global production. Also, India is the largest consumer of pulses. It consumes 27% of world pulses. And India is also the largest importer of pulses. India imports 14% of pulses in the world.

Pulses are significant in the country as they contribute to good consumer health as they are rich in proteins.

Also, pulses increase soil health and hence are used as annual leguminous crops.

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