crude oil Current Affairs - 2019
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According to official data released by Government, Growth of eight core industries (Index of Eight Core Industries) dropped to 2.1% in July 2019. It was mainly due to contraction in coal, crude oil, natural gas and refinery products. These eight sectors had expanded by 7.3% in July 2018. Moreover, it has declined by 6.2% during April to July, 2019-20 over the corresponding period of previous year.
Sector wise breakaway (July 2019)
Index of Eight Core Industries
It is monthly production index, which is also considered as lead indicator of the monthly industrial performance. It contains production and growth figures of eight core industries viz. steel, electricity, crude oil, refinery products, coal, cement, natural gas and fertilizers. It is compiled by Central Statistic Organisation (CSO) under Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry based on monthly production information received from source agencies. These core industries are considered as main or key industries of the economy and serve as backbone of all other industries
Weightage: Petroleum Refinery production (weight: 28.04%), Electricity generation (19.85%), Steel production (17.92%), Coal production (10.33%), Crude Oil production (8.98%), Natural Gas production (6.88%), Cement production (5.37%), Fertilizers production (2.63%
Relation with index of industrial production (IIP): These eight core sectors constitute 40.27% of IIP.
The data concerned with slowdown in growth of eight core sector comes days after India’s GDP growth rate slowed to 6-year low of 5% for first quarter of FY 2019-20. It was down from 5.8% in fourth quarter of FY 2018-19. In first quarter of the previous financial year, GDP growth was 8.2%. This effectively means that India’s growth rate has fallen by 3% in barely a year’s time. This is fourth successive decline in GDP, from 8% in 1st quarter of FY19 to 5% in this quarter. It is also the slowest growth since Q1 in 2013.
Tags: Coal • crude oil • Economic Slowdown • Eight core sectors • IIP
In the backdrop of the US refusal to extend the sanctions waiver for India to import crude from Iran, the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has taken steps necessary steps to end the imports from Iran.
Even though India has urged the US to restore the sanction waivers it has decided to not to proceed with the purchase as the oil trade cannot happen in anticipation.
Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has stated that a robust plan for an adequate supply of crude oil to Indian refineries is in place. It has been stated that shortfall will be met through alternate supply sources available in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE and Mexico.
Meeting the Shortfall
India which is the world’s third-biggest oil consumer meets more than 80 per cent of its oil needs through imports. In 2017-18, Iran was India’s third-largest supplier after Iraq and Saudi Arabia and about 10 per cent of total needs were met through imports from Iran.
India can avail optional volumes (over and above the term contracts) from a number of suppliers which it can exercise to make up for any shortfall from Iran. India also plans to avail the route of spot market to source crude.
But the cause of concern is more related to prices in India. When President Trump had first pulled out of the nuclear deal, oil shot up to over USD 85 a barrel and it fell to near USD 50 after the US administration unexpectedly granted the waivers.