Cultural Exchange Current Affairs - 2019
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India and Uganda signed four MoUs in the areas of defence cooperation, visa exemption for official and diplomatic passport holders, cultural exchange programme and material testing laboratory. The agreements were inked following delegation-level talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni in Kampala.
Signed Agreements are
- MoU on Defence Cooperation
- MoU on Visa exemption for Diplomatic and official passport holders.
- MoU on Cultural Exchange Programme.
- MoU on Material Testing Laboratory.
Highlights of bilateral meeting
Both leaders comprehensively reviewed all aspects of bilateral relations. India announced two Lines of Credit worth nearly US $200 million to Uganda in energy, infrastructure, agriculture and dairy sectors. India announced to continue to play a stable partner in the country’s journey towards development. It also announced to give vehicles, ambulances and cancer therapy machine to Uganda.
India retired its commitment of training, capacity building and infrastructure creation are core areas of cooperation between both countries. Both countries also agreed to work together in trade, investment and tourism sectors, supporting mutual prosperity through reciprocity.
Significance of Visit
PM Modi visited Uganda on the second leg of his three-African nations tour after concluding his Rwanda visit. After concluding his Uganda visit, he will visit South Africa to attend 10th BRICS Summit at Johannesburg. It was first visit by Indian Prime Minister to Uganad in over 20 years. PM Modi also delivered keynote address at Ugandan Parliament, making him first Indian PM to do so.
India and Cambodia have signed four agreements to boost bilateral cooperation between both countries. The agreements were signed after comprehensive talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Cambodian counterpart Samdech Hun Sen in New Delhi.
Key Takeaways from comprehensive talks
Defence, security and counter-terrorism: Both leaders held talks to boost ties in key areas of defence, security and counter-terrorism and called for concerted global efforts to eliminate terrorism, including blocking terror financing and dismantling terrorist bases.
Enhance bilateral defence ties: They agreed to further enhance bilateral defence ties, including through exchanges of senior-level defence personnel and capacity building projects. They also discussed exploring ways to intensify development partnership and boost ties in key sectors, including trade and investment, energy conservation, agriculture, and tourism and culture.
Maritime Security: They also expressed keen interest in enhancing cooperation in maritime domain, including preservation of coastal and marine environment, anti-piracy cooperation, security of sea lanes of communication to maintain peace and ensure safety and security of navigation in Indo-Pacific Region. They also supported complete freedom of navigation and overflight and pacific resolution of maritime issues based on international law.
Agreements signed are
- Cultural Exchange Programme (CEP): It seeks to promote cultural exchange and strengthen the friendly relations between both countries.
- Credit Line Agreement: It was signed between India’s EXIM Bank Government of Cambodia for Line of Credit (LoC) to finance Stung Sva Hab Water Resource Development Project for US$ 36.92 million.
- Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters: It seeks to improve effectiveness of both countries in prevention, investigation and prosecution of crimes through cooperation and legal assistance in criminal matters.
- MoU on Cooperation for Prevention of Human Trafficking: It seeks to increase bilateral cooperation on issues of prevention, rescue and repatriation related to human trafficking.
India-Cambodia bilateral relations are warm and cordial. The relations go back to 1st century AD when Hindu and Buddhist religious and cultural influences emanated out of India to various parts of Southeast Asia. Cambodians are predominantly Buddhist but retain strong influence of Hindu mythology, rituals and idolatry.