curfew Current Affairs - 2020

Unlock 1.0; Lock Down 5.0 begins in India

India is now seventh worst hit country in the world with more than 1,82,143 cases of COVID-19. In the battle against the virus, India enters into fifth lock down or first unlock on June 1, 2020. This is to remain in order till June 30, 2020.

Highlights

The Ministry of Home Affairs has provided the guidelines for unlock 1.0. Under the guidelines, the Centre has extended lock down to all the containment zones. In rest of the zones, almost all the social facilities are to be open.

Containment Zones

In the zones declared to be contained, there will be strict perimeter control. No movement of people in and out of the containment zones are to be allowed. The containment zones will only have entry of essential goods and medical supply. Intensive contact tracing, house-to-house surveillance and clinical interventions are to be introduced.

The States have been permitted to identify containment zones.

Prohibitions of Lock Down 5

The metro rail services are to remain closed throughout the country during lock down 5.0. The night curfew, that is, prohibition of movement of people between 9 AM and 5 PM throughout the nation is to be implemented. People above the age of 65 and below the age of 10 have been advised to stay inside homes.

Unlock Phase II

After the period of unlock phase I, that ends on June 30, 2020, the GoI has planned to implement Unlock phase II. During this phase, coaching centres, colleges, schools and educational institutions are to be opened.

Unlock Phase III

During Unlock Phase III, swimming pools, metro rail, entertainment parks, cinema halls and gyms are to be opened.

What is the difference between lockdown, Curfew and Section 144?

With COVID-19 spreading in India, GoI has ruled curfew in some areas, Section-144 in some other areas and lock down in many other areas. These measures are being done to contain the spread of the virus.

Lock Down

The action is called Lock Down when there are restrictions on assembly. However, essential services are available in these situations. The Lock Down shall be enforced by a collector or the chief medical officer. The chief Medical Officer shall enforce Lock Down according to Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897. With Lock Down being imposed five or more people are not allowed to assemble.

During Lock Down, the police has rights to arrest person and book him under Section 271 when he tries to escape from quarantine.

Section 144

The action is called Section 144, when the assembly of people are prohibited abiding to Indian Penal Code. Under Section 144, more than 5 people are not allowed to assemble.

Curfew

The action is called Curfew when Section 144 is imposed along with the shutdown of essential services. The Curfew powers lies with Collector and Police Commissioner.