CVC Current Affairs - 2020

Retired IAS Officer Sanjay Kothari appointed as Central Vigilance Commissioner

On April 25, 2020, retired IAS officer Sanjay Kothari was sworn in as the Central Vigilance Commissioner (CVC) at Rashtrapati Bhavan. He was sworn in by President Ram Nath Kovind.

Highlights

Mr Kothari acted as the secretary to the President of India. He was replaced by Mr Kapil Dev Tripathi on April 20, 2020. Mr Tripathi is a 1980 batch IAS officer. He was appointed as CVC in February, 2020.

About CVC appointment

Mr Sanjay Kothari was recommended by a high-level selection panel. The panel was headed by Prime Minister. The CVC is appointed by President based on the recommendation of the committee. The committee consists of Leader of Opposition, Minister of Home Affairs.

Role of CVC

The Central Vigilance Commissioner carries out corruption investigations against government officials. However, such investigations can be carried out only after permission of the Government. The CVC cannot direct the CBI officials to initiate inquiries. The CVC does not have powers to register criminal cases, rather can deal only with vigilance and disciplinary cases.

Vigilance Awareness Week

The Vigilance Awareness Week is celebrated every year in the last week of October. This is because it coincides with the birthday of Sardar Vallabhai Patel.

President’s Secretary Sanjay Kothari named the next CVC by PM led panel

The appointment of the CVC (Chief Vigilance Commissioner) was criticized throughout India as the new appointee was a part of the Search Committee. After the wide criticization, President Secretary Sanjay Kothari has now been recommended by the PM led panel.

Highlights

The Central Vigilance Commission is the premier Government Agency that prevents corruption. It was established in 1964 as recommended by the Santhanam Committee. It was neither a statutory body nor a constitutional body. In 2003, the Parliament enacted a law conferring statutory status to the CVC.

The CVC is appointed by the President on recommendation of a three-member committee that consists of Prime Minister as head. The CVC holds office for four years till they attain the age of 65 years (whichever is earlier). The CVC is not eligible to be employed under any other Central or State Government Agency after his or her retirement.

Functions of CVC

The CVC makes investigation over references made by the Central Government. The Central Government shall make recommendations against an employee under Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988. It has powers to give directions to the CBI under Delhi Special Police Establishment act.