Cyber-Attacks Current Affairs

MeitY launches first NIC-CERT to prevent, predict cyberattacks on government utilities

The Union Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) launched first NIC-CERT, a setup of National Informatics Centre (NIC) to prevent and predict cyber-attacks on government utilities.

It was launched by Union Minister of Law & Justice and Electronics & Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad in New Delhi as part of Digital India Initiative.

NIC-CERT

The NIC-CERT will monitor and help in early detection and mitigation of cyberattacks on government networks. It has been setup with objective of creating comprehensive framework that integrates world class security components and inbuilt threat intelligence for detection, prevention and incident response.

It will operate in close co-ordination and collaboration with other sectoral CERTs and more so with CERT-In. Using advance tools, NIC-CERT team will correlate events that would help in generating canvas of attack surface and identify vulnerabilities and possible exploits. The PAN-India connectivity of NIC coupled with its enhanced ability to detect and prevent attacks will collectively upscale NIC-CERT capability to protect government’s data.

Background

Government has introduced a lot of its services online as part of its Digital India initiatives which has made the services easily accessible to citizens. But at the same time it also has exposed them to threats and vulnerabilities that are an inherent part of cyberspace. In recent past there has been an exponential growth in cyberattacks leading to concerns of data theft. The government had already announced setting up of sectoral CERTs (computer emergency response teams) for sectors such as finance and power.

National Informatics Centre (NIC)

The NIC (Rashtriya Suchna Vigyan Kendra) is premier science & technology organisation of Government in informatics services and information and communication technology (ICT) applications. It is a part of MeitY’s Department of Electronics & Information Technology. It was established in 1976.

It plays a pivotal role in steering e-governance applications in governmental departments at national, state and district levels, thus enabling improvement and wider transparency in government services. Almost all Indian-government websites are developed and managed by NIC.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018

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India ranked 23rd in second Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI)

India has been ranked 23rd out of 165 nations in the second Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI) that measures the commitment of nations across the world to cyber security. The Index has been released by the UN telecommunications agency International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

Salient Highlights

India has been listed in the “maturing category” of the index with a score of 0.683. Around 77 countries have been placed in the maturing category as they have developed complex commitments to cyber security and engage in cybersecurity programmes and initiatives.

Singapore has topped the index with a score of 0.925. Singapore is followed by United States (2nd), Malaysia (3rd), Oman (4th), Estonia (5th), Mauritius (6th), Australia (7th), Georgia (8th), France (9th), Canada (10th) and Russia (11th). China has been placed at 34th.

Equatorial Guinea is the worst performer among all nations with a score of zero.

ITU has ranked the countries based on the countries’ legal, technical and organisational institutions, educational and research capabilities, as well as their cooperation in information-sharing networks. The index also figured the improvement and strengthening of the five pillars of the ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda, namely, legal, technical, organisational, capacity building and international cooperation.

The report has observed that only about half of all countries have a cybersecurity strategy or in the process of developing one and has urged the other countries to have a national policy to protect against cybercrime.

ITU has advocated for the adoption of a national security strategy. As per the report, 50% of the nations do not have any such strategy. As per the ITU, the malicious attacks have increased in recent years. The latest example of cyber attacks is those carried out as recently as 27 June 2017.

ITU

ITU is the United Nations specialised agency for information and communication technologies (ICTs). ITU has 193 countries as its members and also 800 private-sector entities and academic institutions. ITU is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

ITU is responsible for allocating global radio spectrum and satellite orbits. It also develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies to seamlessly interconnect. It also strives to improve access to ICTs among the underserved communities worldwide.

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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