Cyber Physical Systems Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Cabinet has approved launching of National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS). It will be implemented by Department of Science &Technology under Ministry of Science and Technology for period of five years. The objective of Mission is to addresses ever increasing technological requirements of the society. It also takes into account international trends and road maps of leading countries for next generation technologies.
Implementation of this mission will develop and bring
- Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) and associated technologies within reach in the country,
- Adoption of CPS technologies to address India specific National / Regional issues,
- Catalyze Translational Research,
- Produce Next Generation skilled manpower in CPS,
- Accelerate entrepreneurship and start-up ecosystem development in CPS,
- Place India at par with other advanced countries and derive several direct and indirect benefits.
- Give impetus to advanced research in CPS, Technology development and higher education in Science, Technology and Engineering disciplines.
It is comprehensive mission to address technology development, application development, human resource development & skill enhancement, entrepreneurship and start-up development in CPS and associated technologies.
It aims at establishment of 15 numbers of Technology Innovation Hubs (TIH), six numbers of Application Innovation Hubs (AIH) and four numbers of Technology Translation Research Parks (TTRP).
These Hubs & TTRPs will connect to Academics, Industry, Central Ministries and State Government in developing solutions at reputed academic, R&D and other organizations across the country in a hub and spoke model.
They have four focused areas along which mission implementation will proceed viz. (i) Technology Development; (ii) HRD & Skill Development; (iii) Innovation, Entrepreneurship & Start-ups Ecosystem Development; (iv) International Collaborations.
Strategic approach involving a suitable mix of Academic, Industry and Government is proposed to be adopted. Strong Steering and Monitoring Mechanisms in the form of Mission Governing Board (MGB), Inter-Ministerial Coordination Committee (IMCC), Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) and other Sub-Committees will guide and monitor the Mission implementation.
Significance of Mission
It will act as engine of growth, benefiting national initiatives in health, education, energy, environment, agriculture, strategic cum security, and industrial sectors, Industry 4.0, SMART Cities and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It will help bring paradigm shift in entire skill sets requirement. It will boost job opportunities by imparting advanced skills and generating skilled manpower as per requirement of the industry and society. It will support and encourage Central ministries and departments, state governments and also industry to effectively use CPS technologies in their projects and schemes for the benefit of the society.
Department of Science and Technology (DST) has launched Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) programme dealing with self-driven cars, autonomous unmanned vehicles and aircraft navigation systems
The programme is still at a nascent stage. Rs. 3,000-crore has been has been conceived for it and it will first take root in some of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
What is Cyber Physical Systems (CPS)?
- CPS is an interdisciplinary field that deals with the deployment of computer-based systems that do things in the physical world. For example, self-driven cars produced by Google and Tesla.
- It is a mechanism controlled or monitored by computer-based algorithms, tightly integrated with the internet and its users.
- It involves transdisciplinary approaches, merging theory of cybernetics, design and process science and mechatronics.
- In it, physical and software components are deeply intertwined, each operating on different spatial and temporal scales.
- Both exhibit multiple and distinct behavioural modalities, and interact with each other in a myriad of ways that change with context.
- Autonomous unmanned vehicles (UAVs) and aircraft navigation systems and smart grids (where electricity is optimally distributed on the basis of calculations in real time by micro-processors) also qualify as CPS.
Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) programme
- The thrust of the CPS initiative is to break silos in academia and encourage greater synergy between the university scientists and industry.
- Under it, centres of excellence would be developed at the IITs and universities. Moreover, there will be dedicated courses on the subject.
Need for CPS programme
- CPS is an important technological evolutionary area that needed to be addressed as it has potential to pose unprecedented challenges and also stresses to India’s demographic dividend.
- It can be turned into a huge opportunity by ensuring that India’s future workforce is skilled in robotics, artificial intelligence, digital manufacturing, big data analysis, quantum communication and IoTs.
- The National Science Foundation of the United States already has identified CPS as a key area of inter-disciplinary research back in 2003. It means that India is late entrant in this technology which has huge potential.