cyber security Current Affairs - 2020

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Shopper Malware: 14% Indians affected

A new Trojan called Shopper malware is increasing its presence among smart phone users. The malware is screening unsolicited ads and flashing fake reviews.

Highlights

The malware is now focusing on retail applications. The malware is capable of reading data being entered on the screen. As the trojan gains permission, it interacts with the system interfaces and captures every data being featured in the screen. After acquiring information, it is using google and Facebook data to register on popular shopping sites.

Earlier Malware encounters

Prior to Shopper Malware, the largest such infection was created by “Trojan-Dropper”.  This was between October 2019 to November 2019. It affected 14.23% of Indians. Russia was the most affected. Around 28.46% of Russians were infected due to the malware.

With these increasing cyber-crimes, Indian Government has set up Cyber Swachhta Kendra to detect such malware infections and clean them at the earliest.

Cyber Swachhta Kendra

The CSK are Botnet cleaning and Malware analysis centres. They operate under Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) under Ministry of Electronics and information Technology. They were established in accordance with National Cyber Security Policy. The Centre provides malware removal tools to fix them permanently. It is important to develop more such centres as India ranks third in list of countries with highest number of cyber threats.

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“Cyber Safe Initiative” launched by Maharashtra Government

On January 3, 2020, Cyber Safe Initiative was launched by Maharashtra Government. The initiative was launched commemorating the birth anniversary of Indian Social Reformer Savitribai Phule. Savitribai Phule was the first female teacher of India.

Highlights

The aim of the initiative is to spread awareness against atrocities committed against children and women. It will also create awareness about laws on cybercrime. The campaign is to be implemented all over the state by the State Government in collaboration with state police, public relations department and cyber cell.

The campaign is to be launched in all districts of Maharashtra creating awareness about laws existing in cybercrimes. It will also create awareness against crimes such as bank frauds, child pornography, photo shuffling, online gaming, cyber defamation information and false information sites.

Central measures against cybercrimes

At central level, the Ministry of Home Affairs runs a twitter handle called “Cyber Dost” that creates pertinent posts on prevention and protection against cybercrimes. The Home Affairs Ministry had also launched the Cyber Crime Prevention against women and children Scheme in January 2019. The scheme had a total outlay of Rs 223.198 crores. The main features of the scheme include online cybercrime reporting platform, research and development, cybercrime awareness activities.

Significance

According to Crime Report-2017, released by NCRB (National Crime Record Bureau) in 2019, the number of cyber crimes in the country have been increasing constantly. In 2014, the number of cyber crimes were 9,622, in 2015, it increased to 11,592 and in 2016 the number of cybercrimes were 12,317.

The legal framework of cyber crimes is provided by the Information Technology Act, 2000.

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