Days and Observances Current Affairs

National Hindi Divas: 14th September

National Hindi Divas (हिंदी दिवस) is observed every year on 14 September in Hindi speaking regions of India and other countries with Hindi speaking population. Observance of this day aims to propagate Hindi language and its cultural heritage and values. It also seeks to promote Hindi as matra bhasha (mother tongue) of India and show its importance as a language in country and world at large.

On this occasion, President Ram Nath Kovind presented Rajbhasha awards for Year 2016-17 at Rashtrapati Bhawan. These awards were instituted by Department of Official Language of Union Home Ministry to recognize excellent contribution of Ministries, Departments and Nationalized Banks in field of Hindi.

National Hindi Divas

Hindi Divas is celebrated to mark adaptation of Hindi language as the official language of India by the Constituent Assembly of India on 14 September 1949. The decision of using Hindi as official language was ratified by Constitution of India which came into effect on 26 January 1950. Under the Article 343 of Indian Constitution, Hindi written in Devanagri script was adopted as the official language. But presently, there are 2 official languages: Hindi and English.

Hindi Language

Hindi is one of the main languages of India and is spoken by around 40% of the Indian population. It belongs to Indo-Aryan branch of Indo-European language family. As per 2011 census, 43.63% of Indians speak Hindi as their mother tongue i.e. around 258 million people. It is native language for most people living in Hindi belt of North India comprising Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh. It is also spoken in many countries of the world including Pakistan, Mauritius, Trinidad, Surinam etc. Outside Asia, Hindi is official language in Fiji along with other two official languages, namely English, Fijian. The dialect of Hindi spoken there is known as Fiji Hindi or Fiji Baat.

Month: Categories: India Current Affairs 2018

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International Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day: June 27

The International Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (MSME) Day is observed every year across the world on June 27. This year is second edition after the day was instituted in April 2017. The day highlights strong contribution of MSME businesses worldwide to livelihoods, communities and economies, and need to support MSMEs towards their success. Objectives of this day are to advocate importance of MSMEs in youth employment, raise awareness around the skills needed by youth to acquire decent jobs and raise awareness around youth entrepreneurship. The campaign slogan of MSME Day 2018 is ‘The Youth Dimension’.

Importance of MSMEs

They are major job providers and catalysts for growth. They are critical force in realizing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). They promote innovation, creativity and decent work for all. Four in five new formal jobs created in emerging markets are among MSMEs. The private sector led by MSMEs drives jobs growth, accounting for 87% of total employment in 2016. MSMEs tend to employ larger share of vulnerable sectors of workforce, such as women, youth, and people from poorer households. They can even sometimes be only source of employment in rural areas. MSMEs as group are main income provider for income distribution at “base of the pyramid”.

Background

The Micro-, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day was instituted by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) through resolution A/RES/71/279 to recognize need to improve small business access to microfinance and credit. The resolution was introduced by delegation of Argentina and was co-sponsored by 54 member states and adopted without vote by 193-member UNGA in April 2017. The goal is to encourage member states to facilitate observance of the day by increasing awareness and actions to support small business.

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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