Defence Current Affairs - 2020

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Sale of Integrated Air Defence Weapon System to India approved by US

On February 11, 2020, United States approved sale of Integrated Air Defence Weapon System to India. The cost of the system is estimated as 1.86 billion USD.

Highlights

India aims to buy Integrated Air Defence Weapon System (IADWS) from the US in order to modernize its armed forces. It will help India to counter threats posed by air attacks. US President is to visit India between February 23 and February 26, 2020. The countries are expected to seal the deal during his visit.

The IADWS includes Air Defence Weapon System, AMRAAM Missiles, NASAMS-II, surface to air missiles, radars, etc.

NASAMS-II

The National Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System was developed by USA in partnership with Norway. NASAMS-II is an upgraded version of NASAMS of Norway called Norwegian Advanced Surface to Air Missile System.

Significance

It is important for India to modernize its weapon systems. This is because China is undertaking massive military modernization. It is also increasing its presence in the Indian Ocean Region.

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Africa Union Summit held at Addis Ababa

The African Union Summit was held in Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia to tackle terrorism in the continent. The Summit is important for India as India has recently signed the defence agreement, Lucknow Declaration with 50 African countries at DefExpo 2020. India is planning considerable investment in Defence sector in the regions of African Union.

Highlights

The African leaders met in Addis Ababa to discuss increasing terrorism in Africa. The leaders met in Addis Ababa under the theme

Theme: Silencing the Guns

This year the chair is being assumed by South Africa. The 2020 summit has adopted 8 resolutions as follows

  • Compromise with the United Nations over co-funding in peace operations
  • To support elections in Ethiopia and to mediate events of disputes
  • To deter leaders in Guinea to use Constitutional Amendments to hold on to power
  • To help to calm Burkina Faso’s insurgency
  • To push Somali Government towards regional compromise
  • To press East African heads to support South Sudan peace process
  • To support Sudan transition by supporting deal between civilian leaders and security forces.

2019 Major Crises

The Peace and Security Council of the Africa Union intervened with the Sudan’s Revolution and also helped to produce an agreement between Central African Republic and the rebels.

African Union

The creation of African Union was revived under the leadership of Libyan head Muammar Al-Gaddafi. The Union was established through Sirte Declaration.

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