Defence Current Affairs

DAC approves procurement of upgraded Akash missile system

Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitaraman given approval to Indian Army for inducting upgraded variant of indigenously developed Akash short-range surface-to-air missile (SRSAM) system. Under this proposal two new two regiments of this missile systems will be procured under ‘Buy (Indian)’ category from Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL). Indian Army already has inducted two Akash regiments. Induction of upgraded variants will increase total count to four regiments.

Akash Missile

It is short-range mobile surface-to-air missile indigenously developed by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as part of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme initiated in 1984. It is made by Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL).

It has range of 25 km and can engage multiple targets at time in all-weather conditions. It has capability to neutralise aerial targets like fighter jets, cruise missiles and air-to-surface missiles as well as ballistic missiles.

It has large operational envelope, from 30 metre to maximum of 20 km. Each regiment of this missile system consists of six launchers, each having three missiles. It is in operational service with Indian Army and  Indian Air Force.

Upgraded Akash Missile System

The upgraded Akash Missile System will include seeker technology, possess 360 degree coverage and will be of compact configuration with reduced signature. The upgraded Akash Weapon System is operationally critical equipment which will provide protection to vital assets.

Month: Categories: Defence Current Affairs 2018

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India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project inaugurated along Indo-Pak border

India’s first ‘smart fence’ pilot project was inaugurated along two 5-km each patches of India-Pakistan International Border Jammu and Kashmir. It was launched by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh from Border Security Force (BSF) Headquarters in Ploura, J&K.

Smart fence pilot project

The initiative has been taken up by BSF as part of comprehensive integrated border management system (CIBMS). The pilot project involves deploying of laser-activated fences and technology-enabled barriers to plug vulnerable gaps along the frontiers.

It uses number of devices for surveillance, communication and data storage. It also comprises automated surveillance technology and alarm detection systems. It also has sensors like thermal imager, underground sensors, fiber optical sensors, radar and sonar mounted on different platforms like aerostat, tower and poles as part of the smart fence

The smart fences along with other gadgets are integrated with CCTV-live feed which is routed to BSF post so that immediate action can be taken against any intrusion or infiltration attempt. The shortcomings of this pilot project will be addressed to make Comprehensive Integrated Border Management system fool proof before it is extended to other areas.

Significance

Smart fence system is technological solution devised to make security system at borders more strong and effective. It will help to provide round-the-clock surveillance along the border, even in harsh weather conditions such dust storm, fog or rain. It is expected to be massive boon for monitoring security situations in border areas. It will make virtually impossible for terrorists to infiltrate into Indian side of border.

Background

Earlier this year, BSF had operationalised first smart fence on riverine stretch of Indian border with Bangladesh in Assam. The riverine stretch where first smart fence was put up was previously patrolled by BSF speedboats. Due to its geographical features, no outpost was erected in area which often led to incidents like illegal migrations, smuggling etc. going unchecked. The introduction of the fence was done to bring down such instances.

Month: Categories: Defence Current Affairs 2018

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