Defence cooperation Current Affairs - 2020

Facts Box: Lucknow Declaration of India-Africa Defence Ministers’ Conclave

The India-African Nations Defence Ministers’ Conclave was held at the side lines of DefExpo India 2020. The Conclave adopted Lucknow Declaration in the presence of Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh. The Declaration was signed by 50 African Nations.

Highlights

Under the declaration, the leaders called on to set up Defence Academies in countries such as Nigeria, Tanzania and Ethiopia. In order to achieve this, training teams are to be deployed. The teams are to be deployed in Mauritius, Seychelles, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho, Tanzania and Uganda.

The leaders appreciated the Africa India Field Training Exercises. The first ever AFINDEX was held in March 2019.

Defence and Maritime Cooperation

The leaders agreed to strengthen their cooperation in building the African Standby Forces and also to support peace keeping centres in Africa. The African Leaders also agreed to increase the involvement of troop contribution in UN peace keeping missions.

The importance of oceans was also recognized by the leaders. They agreed to increase their cooperation in preventing piracy, disaster, maritime crimes, securing sea and unregulated fishing.

Bandhan: Transfer of Technology Ceremony held at DefExpo

On February 7, 2020, the transfer of technology ceremony was held at DefExpo 2020. According to the agreement, the organization transferred 15 licenses to 17 industries. The licenses transferred were all on technologies developed by DRDO. The ceremony was named Bandhan.

Highlights

The transfer of technologies is in the field of laser technology, electronics, armaments, material science, naval systems, combat vehicles, sensors and aeronautics. In the year 2019, around 114 technologies were transferred.

The transfer of technologies will boost greatly to the development of Uttar Pradesh Defence Corridor.

Why UP in specific?

The GoI is currently targeting to increase the exports of Defence Sector. In order to achieve this, it is encouraging private firms to increase their defence production. The UP state government has allocated land in the Defence Corridors for the private sectors to build defence industries.

Other Key takeaways

The 11th edition of DefExpo 2020 being held at Lucknow is the largest of all the defence exhibition held so far. So far, the DefExpo has launched 13 products, 71 MoUs and 18 transfer of technologies. More than 200 agreements have been signed. The Uttar Pradesh Government alone has signed 23 MoUs of worth Rs 50,000 crores.

The steps will help India achieve its 5 billion USD target in next 5 years.