Defence Exercises Current Affairs - 2020

Tiger TRIUMP: First Tri-services amphibious exercise between India and US

India and US are to jointly conduct Tiger TRIUMP, the first ever tri-services amphibious exercise. It is to be conducted in Visakhapatnam and Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh. It includes field training and events that simulate humanitarian assistance in disaster times. The event will also hold simulations in moving disaster relief forces from ship to  shore.

Highlights

  • More than 1200 Indian sailors, airmen and soldiers are to participate in the exercise
  • From the US side, around 500 marines, airmen and sailors will participate.
  • It is a nine-day exercise and begins on November 13, 2019.
  • The soldiers from both the sides will become familiar with each others’ support capabilities during the exercise
  • The US will conduct casualty evacuation simulations from shore to ship
  • Indian Air Force will perform cross deck-landings
  • The forces will demonstrate advance inter operability, naval integration and will exchange best practices
  • The forces will also embark each others’ vessels participating in the exercise. This will help the forces to become familiar with the counterpart’s tactics, procedures and techniques.

Significance

  • The exercise will help both the countries to exchange knowledge and to establish professional and personal relationship
  • The exercise acts as a platform for the countries to become familiar with their counterpart’s aviation capability
  • It boosts the capability of the Indian and US troops in humanitarian assistance, disaster relief and counter terrorism.

Pitch Black – 18: Indian Air Force for first time participates in multinational exercise in Australia

Indian Air Force (IAF) for first time will participate in multinational air exercise Pitch Black – 18 (PB-18) in Australia hosted Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). It will be three week multi-national large force employment exercise (27 July to 17 August 2018) conducted from RAAF Base Darwin and RAAF Base Tindal.

Pitch Black – 18

PB-18 Exercise will host up to 4000 personnel and up to 140 aircraft from 12 participant countries including Australia, Canada, India, Germany, Indonesia, France (New Caledonia), Netherlands, New Zealand, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and United States.

The multilateral exercise will feature range of realistic, simulated threats found in modern and dynamic battle-space environment. It will provide opportunity to test and improve our force integration, utilising one of largest training airspace areas in the world — Bradshaw Field Training Area and Delamere Air Weapons Range. It will include day and night flying.

IAF contingent comprised of 145 air-warriors including Garud commando team, four Sukhoi-30 MKI fighter planes and C-130 and C-17 transport aircraft. IAF men and planes will undertake simulated air combat exercises in controlled environment and mutual exchange of best practices towards enhancing its operational capability.

After completion of exercise, on its return leg from Darwin to Subang (Indonesia), IAF fighters will be refuelled in air for the first time by RAAF KC-30A. Moreover during transit to Australia, IAF contingent will also have constructive engagement with Indonesian and Malaysian Air Forces. This will be IAF’s overall third participation in multilateral air combat exercises over last three years after Red Flag exercise held in United States in April-May 2016 and Blue Flag air combat drill in Israel in November 2017.

Exercise Pitch Black

It is a biennial warfare exercise hosted by Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). It is normally held in Northern Australia, primarily at RAAF Bases Darwin and Tindal. The aim of the exercise is to practice Offensive Counter Air (OCA) and Defensive Counter Air (DCA) combat, in simulated war environment. It traditionally consists of red team and blue team based at separate locations, with one attacking other. The first Pitch Black exercises took place in 1981 between different RAAF units. Later in 1990, it began as training exercise between Australia and Singapore and then was expanded as multilateral exercises by inviting international air forces with which Australia has defence ties.