Defence Minister Current Affairs - 2020

National Institutes renamed after late Union Ministers Sushma, Arun Jaitley and Manohar Parrikar

The Government of India has been renaming the national institutes after late ministers. The leaders passed away in 2019 due to health issues. They were Manohar Parrikar, Arun Jaitley and Sushma Swaraj.

Objective of renaming

The renaming is being done in order to align the institutes on the lines of the vision of the late leaders.

Manohar Parrikar

Parrikar served as the Minister of Defence between 2014 and 2017. The Institute of Defence and Analyses (IDSA) has been renamed as Manohar Parrikar Institute of Defence Studies. His biggest contribution was the One Rank One Pension scheme for the armed forces.

IDSA

The IDSA was established in 1965. It was established for policy related studies in all aspects of defence and security.

Sushma Swaraj

Sushma Swaraj served as the Minister of External Affairs. The Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra in New Delhi was renamed as Sushma Swaraj Bhawan and also the Foreign Institute in New Delhi was renamed as Sushma Swaraj Institute of Foreign Services.

Arun Jaitley

Arun Jaitley served as the finance minister. The National Institute of Financial Management was renamed as Arun Jaitley National Institute of Financial Management. Also, in September 2019, the Delhi Ferozeshah Kotla Cricket ground was renamed as Arun Jaitley Stadium.

Facts Box: Lucknow Declaration of India-Africa Defence Ministers’ Conclave

The India-African Nations Defence Ministers’ Conclave was held at the side lines of DefExpo India 2020. The Conclave adopted Lucknow Declaration in the presence of Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh. The Declaration was signed by 50 African Nations.

Highlights

Under the declaration, the leaders called on to set up Defence Academies in countries such as Nigeria, Tanzania and Ethiopia. In order to achieve this, training teams are to be deployed. The teams are to be deployed in Mauritius, Seychelles, Zambia, Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho, Tanzania and Uganda.

The leaders appreciated the Africa India Field Training Exercises. The first ever AFINDEX was held in March 2019.

Defence and Maritime Cooperation

The leaders agreed to strengthen their cooperation in building the African Standby Forces and also to support peace keeping centres in Africa. The African Leaders also agreed to increase the involvement of troop contribution in UN peace keeping missions.

The importance of oceans was also recognized by the leaders. They agreed to increase their cooperation in preventing piracy, disaster, maritime crimes, securing sea and unregulated fishing.