Defence Ministry Current Affairs - 2019
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The Defence Ministry has given its final approvals for the procurement of 131 Barak missiles for Indian Navy and 240 precision-guided munitions (PGM) for Indian Air Force (IAF) together estimated at Rs.1,714 crore. The proposals were cleared by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. It is a regular procurement through the revenue expenditure.
Precision-guided munitions (PGM)
The 240 KAB-1500 PGMs will be procured from Rosoboronexport of Russia at a cost of Rs.1,254 crore. PGM is variant of the KAB PGMs. It has been in service of IAF and has been employed by Su-30 fighter jets. Due to the value of the contract, the approval of Defence Ministry was required,” a defence official said. This procurement will address the deficiency of Precision Guided Munitions in IAF arsenal and also enhance offensive capabilities of the IAF.
Barak surface-to-air missiles (SAM)
131 Barak surface-to-air missiles (SAM) and associated equipment will be bought from Israel’s Rafael Advanced Defence Systems Ltd for Rs.460 crore. They will be installed on all frontline warships of the Indian Navy. These are SAM designed to be used as a ship-borne anti-missile defence system.
The Union Defence Ministry has approved procurement of 260 Software Defined Radios (SDR), a naval communication sets for Indian Navy at cost of Rs. 490 crore to ramp up surveillance on the high seas.
The decision was taken at meeting of Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. The DAC is defence ministry’s highest decision making body on procurement.
These 260 SDRs will be procured under category of buy (India Designed Developed & Manufactured). It will be first batch of indigenously designed and developed software defined radio sets to be procured by any of three services. These will replace existing systems on-board warships.
The development of SDRs was carried out by Defence Electronics & Applications Laboratory (DEAL) of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) will be production Agency. The SDR technology will improve information sharing and situational awareness through secure voice communications and data transfer capabilities.
Software-defined radio (SDR) Technology
SDR is radio communication system where components that have been traditionally implemented in hardware are instead implemented by means of software on personal computer or embedded system.