Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) Current Affairs - 2020

Textiles Committee launches indigenous design of PPE Testing Equipment: Synthetic Blood Penetration Testing Equipment

On May 21, 2020, the Textiles Committee operating under Ministry of Textiles has launched testing equipment for Personal Protection Equipment (PPE). The Committee will now on test the PPEs produced in the country. The Equipment is called Synthetic Blood Penetration Testing Equipment

Highlights

The laboratory set up to test the PPEs was accredited by the NABL (National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories). A Unique Certification Code has been passed to test the samples submitted by the manufacturers of PPEs. The UCC has been uploaded in all official websites such as Ordnance Factory Board, DRDO (Defence Research Development Organization).

Synthetic Blood Testing Equipment

The Equipment tests the resistance of the PPE (masks, covers, etc) to penetration of synthetic blood under different levels of pressure.

Textiles Committee

Textiles Committee was established in 1963 to ensure quality of textiles. The committee tests the machineries both for usage within India and export purpose as well. It also provides inspection besides its main objective of quality of textiles.

 

ATULYA: Microwave sterilizer to disintegrate COVID-19 developed

The Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, deemed university operating under Defence Research and Development Organization has designed microwave sterilizer called “ATULYA”.

Highlights

The Sterilizer is used to disintegrate COVID-19 virus. The sterilizer uses differential heating to disintegrate the virus in the range of 56 degree Celsius to 60 degree Celsius. The weight of the designed sterilizer is 3 kgs. The time of sterilization depends on the size of the object. The device is cost effective and can be run in fixed and portable installations as well.

What is Sterilization?

Sterilization is the process by which different forms of life, especially micro organisms such as fungi, virus, bacteria, spores and other Eukaryotic organisms such as Plasmodium are eliminated, killed, removed or deactivated.

Sterilization is different from sanitization, pasteurization, disinfection. The main methods used in sterilization includes dry heat, pressure, gas vapor, ultra violet radiation, chlorine dioxide gas, etc.

There are other methods of sterilization as well. This includes dry heat, flaming, incineration, tyndallization, glass bead sterilizers, chemical sterilization. The chemical sterilization is done using ethylene oxide or nitrogen dioxide or ozone, formaldehyde, hydrogen peroxide. Sterilization is also done using radiation. The safety of the irradiation is regulated by the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency.

Differential Heating

Differential Heating is the process that creates two different temperatures to disintegrate the virus.