Ministry of Defence (MoD) is expecting to raise three new tri-service agencies in field of cyber warfare, space and special operations shortly. The proposal is with the other ministries of government for approval as the resources for them have to come from accretion and not under save-and-raise.
The new tri-service agencies are Defence Cyber Agency, Defence Space Agency and a Special Operations Division. These agencies will be headed by officers of rank of Major General and equivalent in Navy and Indian Air Force
The cyber and space agencies will be based out of Delhi, for close coordination with their civilian counterparts, while Special Operations Division will be based outside national capital.
Defence Cyber Agency: It will work in close coordination with National Cyber Security Advisor. It will focus on non-civilian cyber issues, including safeguarding critical infrastructure. It will be have over 1,000 personnel and will be distributed to various formations of Army, Navy and IAF.
Defence Space Agency: It will work closely with ISRO and DRDO for better utilisation and integration of space resources. This includes information sharing from individual satellites, and surveillance from other satellites which can then be shared with the concerned defence service. It will have over 200 personnel.
Special Operations Division: It will have components of Special Forces of Army, Navy and IAF, and will be equipped and trained together for various external contingencies. This division, which will be based at a location which already has training infrastructure, will have two SF battalions at its core, along with teams from Marcos and Garud.
In 2012, the Chiefs of Staff Committee had recommended creation of three joint commands in the areas of cyber, space and special operations due to their increased relevance in modern warfare. Besides, the new joint military doctrine, released earlier in 2017 also underscores the need to prepare defence forces for emerging triad of space, cyberspace and special operations for future combat.