defexpo Current Affairs - 2020

Russia constructs its first Stealth Bomber

Under its Perspective Aviation Complex for Long Range Aviation (PAKDA) programme, Russia has constructed its first Stealth Bomber.

Highlights

Russia is currently modernizing its military at a very fast pace. The Stealth Bomber is one such advancement. The bomber is the second-generation combat aircraft after Sukhoi Su-57 supersonic fighter jet

PAKDA

The Stealth Bomber has been developed under PAKDA programme. The PAKDA programme is to use latest technologies to reduce its radar signature. This will make Russian weapons and bombers invisible to enemies. The first test flight of PAKDA bomber is to be conducted in 2021-22.

India is one of the largest Defence Partners of Russia

India-Russia

India and Russia signed 14 Memorandums of Understanding in February 2020. This was held during Defexpo 2020. This included production of S400 missiles and production of Kamov helicopters and Kalashnikov rifles.

The active participants in the defence deal included HAL, DRDO, BHEL, etc. The deals are set to cross 16 billion USD. India is to buy Ka-226 helicopters from Russia.

Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme approved

On May 15, 2020, Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme was approved by the Defence Minister Raj Nath Singh. The scheme is to be implemented at an estimated amount of Rs 400 crores.

Highlights

The Defence Research Development Organization and the 41 ordinance factories in the country have created testing facilities for ammunition, firearms, radar and electronic arms at the expense of GoI.

This will help in promoting indigenous defence capacities of the country especially amongst MSMEs (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises) and startups.

About the Testing Facilities

The testing Facilities will be used to test UAVs (Unmanned Vehicles), radars, drones, rubber testing, telecom equipment testing, shock testing, noise testing, ship motion testing, blast testing, environment test facilities testing, etc.

What is the plan?

Under the scheme, over six to eight test facilities are to be brought in the country. 75% of the cost to set up these facilities will be born by the Central Government. The rest of 25% is to come through private entities and the state government.

Defence Industrial Corridors

There are two main industrial corridors in India. They are in Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. The testing centres will also help these industries to test their products.

Defence Exports

The scheme will also help to aid India’s Defence Export targets. During the Defexpo 2020, India had set a target of boosting defence exports to 5 billion USD in next five years.