Delhi Declaration Current Affairs - 2020

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14th UNCCD COP inaugurated at Greater Noida

The 12-day 14th Conference of Parties (COP14) to UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) inaugurated at India Expo Centre & Mart, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh.

During the meet, Union Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC), Prakash Javadekar expressed that mass awareness and public participation is the need of the hour as be it climate change or desertification, human actions have a role in disturbing balance of nature.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the high-level segment meeting on 9 September 2019.

Key Highlights

Participants: An estimated 7,200 participants including ministers and representatives of governments, intergovernmental and non-government organizations, scientists, women and youth from 197 Parties are expected.

COP will take around 30 decisions with actions that aim to strengthen land-use policies worldwide and address emerging threats which includes forced migration, sand and dust storms, and droughts.

122 countries which includes Russia, China, Brazil, India, South Africa and Nigeria which are among the largest and most populous nations on Earth have agreed to make Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of achieving land degradation neutrality a national target.

Significance: Such large scale conferences holds importance as many countries come together at a world platform like this to share good stories and experiences that will help the world. UNCCD is very important as it is expected that some good outcomes which will be notified in Delhi Declaration, which will form the future course of action.

About UN Convention to Combat Desertification

UNCCD is an international agreement on good land stewardship (carefully and responsibly conducting, supervising or managing).

It helps countries, people and communities to create wealth, grow economies and secure sufficient food, water and energy. It ensures that land users have an enabling environment for sustainable land management.

The 197 Parties to Convention, through partnerships set up robust systems to manage drought promptly and effectively.

Good land stewardship based on a sound policy and science helps integrate and accelerate achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), builds resilience to climate change and prevents biodiversity loss.

NOTE:

In 2019, India being the global host for COP 14 will take over COP Presidency from China for next 2 years i.e. till 2021.

India among selected few countries to have hosted COP of all 3 Rio conventions on climate change, biodiversity and land. Now by hosting COP 14, India will highlight its leadership in navigating land management agenda at global level and will also provide a stage to mainstream sustainable land management in country’s national development policies.

21 IORA Countries adopt Delhi Declaration on Renewable Energy

21 countries in Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) adopted Delhi Declaration on Renewable Energy in Indian Ocean Region. It was adopted at 2nd IORA Renewable Energy Ministerial Meeting held at 2nd Global Re-Invest India-ISA Partnership Renewable Energy Investor’s Meet & Expo in Greater Noida.

Delhi Declaration on Renewable Energy

It calls for collaboration among IORA member states in meeting growing demand for renewable energy in Indian Ocean littorals, development of common renewable energy agenda for Indian Ocean region (IOR) and promote regional capacity building.

It also calls for promotion of technology development and transfer, strengthening of public private partnerships (PPP) in renewable energy and collaboration among IORA member states and member nations of International Solar Alliance (ISA).

IORA member countries also resolved to collaborate with International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). They will also collaborate with ISA member nations to exchange knowledge and share views and potential interests in renewable energy sector paved by MoU signed between IORA and ISA with focus on joint capacity-building programs, R&D activities in solar energy and exchange of best practices.

IORA member nations and IRENA also agreed to undertake expansion of Global Renewable Energy Atlas, world’s largest-ever joint renewable resource data project, coordinated by IRENA. This will help in creating Indian Ocean region’s first and most comprehensive map and database which can be used to tap sizable renewable energy potential of region and collaborate on opportunities available under International Renewable Energy Learning Platform (IRELP).

Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)

IORA is international organisation consisting of coastal states bordering Indian Ocean, established in 1997 to promote cooperation in IOR. It is regional forum, tripartite in nature, bringing together representatives of Government, Academia and Business for promoting co-operation and closer interaction among them.

It is based on the principles of Open Regionalism for strengthening Economic Cooperation particularly on Trade Facilitation and Investment, Promotion as well as Social Development of the region. IORA comprises 21 member states (including India) and 7 dialogue partners. Besides, Indian Ocean Research Group and Indian Ocean Tourism Organisation have observer status.