Delhi Metro Current Affairs - 2020

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Luxembourg: The First Country in the World to provide Free Public Transport

Luxembourg in Europe has become the first country to make all forms of public transport free. It is the second smallest country in the European Union.


Around 0.2 million passengers travel to Luxembourg from its neighbouring countries such as Belgium, France and Germany for work. Also, it has the highest car density in European Union.

Why Free Public Transport?

According to European Commission Statistical Wing, Luxembourg had 670 cars per 1000 people. The capital of the country also called Luxembourg was the 53rd most congested city in the world according to 2020 Traffic Index. People in the city lost 163 useful hours to traffic. It will also help reduce pollution to great extent.

How does it work?

The project of making public transport free is a dual social measure in the country. It is funded by the tax payers. This will help low earners save money. Also, the burden is shouldered by the better off population.

The Government of Luxembourg is to compensate the loss of finances of the scheme by taxes. The Government earns 8% of the public transportation costs though ticket sales.

Similar Measures by Delhi Government

In October 2019, the State Government of Delhi announced similar scheme. The Government had made public transport free for women. Delhi being the 8th most congested city in the world, the scheme has boosted women population. However, it financial drained Delhi Transport Corporation.


Infrastructure of buses is the major concern. The Supreme Court in 2001 assessed that Delhi needs 10,000 buses. The predictions should increase by 2020. Currently, there are only 6,233 buses with the Delhi State Transport Corporation (according to February 2020).

Also, Delhi Metro is highly expensive for its high operational cost. More steps have to be taken to improvise Metro to make it less expensive for running.

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Home Ministry, UN Women Launches Campaign to End Violence Against Women

Union Ministry of Home Affairs in collaboration with UN Women launched an awareness campaign to end violence against women.  As part of campaign a ‘UNiTE to End Violence Against Women’ Metro was flagged of at the Sultanpur Metro station in New Delhi.  The flag-off took place as part of 16 Days of Activism ‘Orange The World’ global campaign, which is being observed ahead of ‘International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women’, marked annually on 25 November and will continue till International Day of Human Rights on December 10.

Key Highlights

As part of campaign, people would be made aware about India’s single emergency helpline 112. It is an internationally recognised emergency number used in several countries. Currently, the 112 services are available in 27 States/Union Territories.

The 112 service can be reached through voice call, SMS, email, 112 India App, respective state’s 112 websites and with even the panic button on mobile phones.

Dialing the ‘112’ number will provide an IT-based response system for timely dispatch of 1st responders (such as police, ambulance, fire etc.) to the location of distressed person, which is identified through Global Positioning System (GPS) or location based services of mobile phone.

The 112 India App and the emergency response support system has been developed in-house by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (CDAC). The 112 India mobile app has a unique integrated ‘shout’ facility which allows immediate assistance from verified volunteers in proximity to distressed person.

About UN Women

It is the UN organisation dedicated to gender equality and empowerment of women. UN Women, a global champion for women and girl was established in July 2010 and became operational in January 2011 to accelerate progress on meeting their needs worldwide. It supports Member States of United Nations to set global standards for achieving gender equality. It also works with governments and civil society to design policies, laws, services, and programmes needed to ensure that standards are effectively implemented and truly benefit women and girls worldwide.

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