Delimitation Commission Current Affairs - 2020

Delimitation Commission holds meeting

On May 28, 2020, the Delimitation Commission held a meeting to review the progress of directions that were provided during its meet in April, 2020.

Highlights

The details of State Election Commissioner were received from the states of Manipur, Andhra Pradesh, Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and Assam. The Census data has also been received from the Registrar General.

What is Delimitation?

Delimitation is the act of redrawing the boundaries of state assembly and Lok Sabha seats with respect to the changes in population. The main objective of delimitation is to provide equal representatives in the legislative assembly and parliament to equal segments of population.

The Delimitation is conducted by the Delimitation Commission.

Delimitation Commission

The Delimitation Act is brought about by the Parliament after every census under Article 82. The commission is made of Supreme Court Judge, Chief Election Commissioner and also state election commissioners of respective states.

The Delimitation exercise has been done four times. They were implemented in 1952, 1963, 1973 and 2002. The Last delimitation exercise was begun in 2002 and ended in 2008 based on 2001 census.

Why no delimitation in recent past?

The number of Lok Sabha seats allotted to a state is based on the ratio between that number and population of the state. However, under this provision, the states that took less interest in population control ended up having greater representations.

In 1976, during emergency period, the delimitation was suspended till 2001. This was later extended to 2026. Thus, recently no delimitation was carried in recent past.

Facts Box: Delimitation Commission set up for Arunachal, Manipur, Assam, J&K, Manipur

A Delimitation Commission was formed under former Supreme Court judge Ranjana Prakash Desai.

Highlights

The Delimitation for the state of Jammu and Kashmir is to be carried out according to Jammu and Kashmir reorganization act. The previous delimitation for the state of Jammu and Kashmir was done in 1995. The state was under President’s rule when the last delimitation was done.

For other parts of the country, delimitation is to be done based on the census 2031. The previous delimitation for rest of India was done based on 2001.

Legislation

The delimitation commission was formed under Section 3 of Delimitation Act, 2002. So far, 4 such delimitation commissions have been constituted under the act. They were in 1952, 1963, 1973 and 2002.

What is Delimitation?

Delimitation is the process of fixing boundaries of constituency. The Delimitation had been suspended between 1976 and 2001. This was because GoI was implementing the policy of family planning in a full-fledged way during this period.