Democracy Current Affairs - 2020

US approves major Non-NATO Ally status to Tunisia

United States has approved major Non-NATO Ally (MNNA) status to Tunisia.

Decision in this regard was taken by US State Department. With this Tunisia became the 16th country to become a MNNA of US.

Background

In May 2015, US President Barack Obama had declared Tunisia as its non-NATO ally while hosting his Tunisian counterpart Beji Caid Essebsi at the White House. This decision was taken by US to support for Tunisia’s decision to join the world’s democracies.

US is hoping to strengthen democracy in Tunisia especially after Beji Caid Essebsi became the first democratically elected President in 60-year history of Tunisia.

Comment

By granting the MNNA status, both countries will enhance military cooperation between them. The strong relations between both democracies will help to maintain peace and security in Tunisia as it was the birthplace of Arab Spring (Jasmine revolution) revolts across the Middle East in 2011. It will also help Tunisia to counter the rising threat of jihadist groups especially ISIS in the region.

United Kingdom celebrates 800 years of Magna Carta

United Kingdom (UK) celebrated 800 years of signing of Magna Carta on 15 June 2015.

The celebrations to observe signing of 8 century year old historic document which had laid foundation for modern democratic society was led by  Queen Elizabeth II. UK Prime Minister David Cameron was also had joined the queen to mark the celebrations.

About Magna Carta

  • Magna Carta is a Latin word which in English means Great Charter. It is most important document of England signed on 15 June 1215 at Runnymede alongside the River Thames in the English county of Surrey.
  • It had originated as a peace and truce treaty between King John and a group of rebellious barons within his kingdom.
  • The document had written promises between King John and his subjects mentioning that the king will govern England and deal with its people according to the customs of feudal law.
  • Magna Carta had laid the first steps towards parliamentary democracy and the principle supremacy of law i.e. no one is above the law. It also laid the principle of balance of power between the governed and government.
  • Its influence can be seen in other documents across the world including the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights and on US Constitution and Bill of Rights.
  • In case of India, its influence also can be seen on Part III of constitution which contains fundamental rights, described as the magna carta of India which has been derived inspiration from Bill of Rights.