Denmark Current Affairs - 2020
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On March 20, 2020 United Nations released the World Happiness Report on the International Day of Happiness, 2020. Finland ranked first in the report and India ranked 144. Around 156 countries were assessed under the ranking. This is the eighth World Happiness Report prepared by the organization.
This year the report has given a special role for environments and has linked people’s happiness to their environment. Apart from environment, the report also considers urban, social and other natural factors in framing the index for a country.
Following Finland, Denmark and Switzerland ranked second and third positions respectively. Finland ranked topmost for the third consecutive time. Afghanistan ranked the least. The United States moves by one place and was at 18th position. The United Kingdom was at 13th position.
India was ranked among the least happy nations.
According to the index, the urban-rural difference in India was high. Also, the report noticed that in India, the peri-urban population was happier than urban population.
Tags: Denmark • Finland • International Day of Happiness • United Nations • World Happiness Index
The World Health Organization (WHO) has partnered with International Food and Beverage Alliance (IFBA) to achieve its target under ‘REPLACE Strategy’ of eliminating Trans-fat from industrially produced global food supply by 2023.
- As per WHO, Trans-fat (worst form of fat in food) is responsible for more than 5,00,000 deaths each year from coronary heart disease globally.
- Therefore, eliminating Trans Fat from food supply by 2023, is one of the most effective and simplest ways to save lives and simultaneously creating a healthier food supply.
- IFBA members ensured that they will not exceed trans-fat’s industrial limit of 2 gram per 100 g fat/oil in their products globally by 2023.
About Trans Fat
- It is also called trans fatty acids or trans-unsaturated fatty acids, are a type of unsaturated fat.
- Types: two types of trans-fats found in foods, namely
- Naturally-occurring: These are produced in gut of some animals. Animal foods (e.g., milk and meat products) may contain small quantities of these fats.
- Artificial: These are created in industrial process by adding hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid. Food containing Trans-fat include margarine and ghee, snack, baked, fried foods etc.
- It is widely used in Food Industry as they are easy to use, inexpensive to produce and last a long time.
- Impact on health: They not only raises bad cholesterol (LDL) levels but also lowers good cholesterol (HDL) levels. Thus increases risk of developing coronary heart disease and stroke. It also make prone to higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- In 2003 Denmark became first country to mandate restrictions on industrially-produced trans-fats in food products. It resulted in decline in deaths due to cardiovascular disease more quickly than in comparison to OECD countries. The move was then followed by some high-income countries.
- In May 2018, WHO released ‘REPLACE’ strategy which provides six strategic actions to ensure the quick and complete elimination of industrially-produced trans fats from the food supply by 2023.
- To ensure that benefits are felt equally around the world, action is needed in low and middle-income countries, where controls of use of industrially produced trans-fats are often weaker.
- It seeks to encourage complete and sustained elimination of industrially produced trans-fats from food supply by 2023.
- REPLACE is an abbreviation for WHO’s six strategic actions as:
- Review (dietary sources of industrially-produced trans fats),
- Promote (replacement of industrially-produced trans fats with healthier fats,
- Legislate (enact regulatory actions to eliminate industrially-produced trans fats),
- Assess (trans fats content in the food supply),
- Create awareness (about negative health impact of trans fats) and
- Enforce (compliance of policies and regulations).
Way Forward for India
On a global scale India has high number of coronary heart disease cases therefore it must try to beat this 2023 deadline and must try to achieve goal earlier.
Tags: Denmark • HDL • Health • IFBA • International Food and Beverage Alliance