Department of Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2019

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Technology Summit, 2019

The 25th Technology Summit is a bilateral platform that provides opportunities to industries, government agencies and institutes from India and other countries to interact with each other. In 2017, Canada participated in the Summit and in 2018 it was Italy. This year Netherlands has been invited. The summit acts as a forum to forge partnerships, explore new avenues and to create joint ventures to explore new avenues of collaborations to boost trade and investment. The summit is to be held in New Delhi between 15 and 16 October, 2019. It is being organised by Ministry of Science and Technology.

Next year, India has planned to take the summit globally. It intends to invite participants from different countries.

Theme: Young entrepreneurship

The 2019 India – Netherlands technology summit is being organized by DST and CII, DST-Department of Science and Technology and CII-Confederation of India Industry.

Objectives

  • To profile the Netherlands–India technologies
  • Showcase opportunities for Netherlands and India on technology and scientific research across key areas, especially in the fields of water, agriculture and Health
  • To increase the visibility of Dutch and Indian entrepreneurial ecosystem.
  • To highlight the cooperation between India and Netherlands.

Significance in choosing Netherlands

The bilateral research cooperation between India and Netherlands in fields like Internet of Things, medical devices, big data, urban water system would be enhanced through the summit. There are great scopes for closer partnership between the countries to leverage emerging digital technologies.

Investment

According to the Ministry of External Affairs, there are over 200 Indian companies operating in Netherlands. It is the third largest investor in India in 2017 – 18 with investments valued at 2.67 billion USD. The top 5 sectors that are attracting FDI equity flows from Netherlands include computer, hardware, software, automobile industry, trading and fermentation industries.

Trade

The bilateral trade between India and Netherlands between April 2017 and March 2018 was around 6.28 billion USD. Netherlands is the fourth largest trading partner of India after EU, UK, Germany and Belgium.

Indian Diaspora

There are around 2,35,000 Indian living in Netherlands. Of which, 2 lakh are Suriname-Hindustani community that are well integrated to the Dutch society. Apart from this there are 3,000 Indian students pursuing their masters, bachelors and research courses in various universities in Netherlands.

Outcomes of the summit

  • The Indian and the Netherlands governments are to sign MoUs based on the summit and the requirements identified by it.
  • New public-private partnerships between India and Netherlands
  • New opportunities for fast tracked market entry for existing Dutch and Indian stakeholders.
  • Solutions for societal challenges
  • Deepening the ties between India and Netherlands in multiple verticals of knowledge.

For the first time Survey of India to deploy 300 drones for mapping country

Survey of India (SoI), the oldest scientific department of country will for the first time rely on drones to map the country. SoI which is India’s National Survey and Mapping Organization is in charge of mapping and surveying entire country. SoI is affliated to the Department of Science and Technology (DST).

Key Highlights

Objective:

  • To provide good high-resolution foundation maps. Also, High-resolution maps will facilitate digitisation of land titles in villages.
  • To map 75% of India’s geography (about 2.4 million sq km of 3.2 million sq km) within next two years.

To fulfill above objective the organisation aims to procure about 300 drones and so far about 30 have been sourced for the mega exercise.

As a precursor to undertake such drone-based mapping exercises, Survey of India has signed agreements with districts in Haryana (6), Karnataka (2) and Maharashtra (2). Every square kilometre mapped by drones will be encapsulated in 2500 pictures and thus be a store of digital data.

Benefits

Currently the best SoI maps have a resolution of 1:250000 (i.e. 1 cm on the map represents 2500 cm on ground), however, new maps under the project will have a 1:500 resolution (i.e. 1 cm on map will represent 500 cm).

Other than unprecedented detail, a consequence of mapping will be creating high resolution maps of land in villages thereby facilitating digitisation of land titles in villages.

Sorting rural issues: A major consequence of drone-based exercise will be mapping of settled habitations in villages. Based on availability of accurate maps, residents will finally be able to get property cards as well as proper legal titles to their lands.