Disability Current Affairs - 2020
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The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment launched the Composite Regional Centre (CRC) for skill development, empowerment of persons and rehabilitation in Port Blair. The Composite Regional Centres in India are located in Kozhikode, Bhopal, Lucknow, Patna, Guwahati, Srinagar, Ahmedabad, Mandi and Suraghi (Chhattisgarh).
The CRCs are centres set under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment in order to create infrastructure and resources for persons with disabilities. These centres focus at locals rather than urban areas.
The GoI targets only a part of the population through these centres. It includes persons with low-vision, mental retardation, blindness, locomotor disability, hearing impairment, mental illness, cerebral palsy, leprosy, multiply persons and Autism Spectrum Disorder.
The Central Government aims to reach the unreached disabled population through these centres. The CRCs help in fastening the process of establishing rehabilitation services. The centres aim at training of rehabilitation professionals and capacity building at centre, district and state levels.
Tags: Disabilities • Disability • Infrastructure • Infrastructure Development • Ministry of Social Justice
Every Year January 4 is celebrated as World Braille Day in order to mark the birth anniversary of Louis Braille. Louis is the inventor of Braille, a written language for blind people.
The World Braille Day is celebrated by the United Nations and also by other world organizations. In November 2018, the UN passed a resolution in order to celebrate the day. The day was first celebrated on January 4, 2019.
The World Braille Day spreads awareness about Braille script and other accessible forms of communication. Many establishments like banks, hospitals and restaurants fail to print their materials in Braille script. This creates difficulties for visually impaired people. The day marks such difficulties and spreads awareness of their importance.
Louis Braille was born in Coupvray, France. He lost both his eyes at the age of 3. This was the prime reason behind Braille inventing the 6-dot language called Braille.
Challenges in the use of Braille
Many schools do not offer literacy in Braille. There are many countries in the world that have not included Braille in their educational curriculum. According to the WHO, there are around 2.2 billion people in the world with vision impairment.
The 2006 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities considers Braille essential for education. Also, the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals that were adopted in 2015 pledges that no one will be left behind.
Tags: Blindness • Braille • Disability • Louis Braille • SDG