Disability Current Affairs - 2019

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December 3: International Day of Persons with Disabilities

The International Day of Persons with Disabilities is being observed by the United Nations since 1992. The aim of the day is to promote well-being of the persons with disabilities and to increase awareness of their situation in social, political cultural and economic ways.

Theme: Promoting participation of persons with disabilities and leadership

Highlights

The United Nations is organizing a one day event at the UN headquarters. The organization is to launch new initiatives under United Nations Disability Inclusion Strategy. The initiatives will focus on achieving the SDG 17 that pledges “leave no one behind”

United Nations Disability Inclusion Strategy

The strategy was launched in June 2019. It provides foundation for transformative and sustainable progress on disability inclusion. The strategy helps to support the implementation of Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities.

The strategy includes three main key approaches. Twin Track Approach aims at considering disability across all the works of the UN and also works under pre-determined targets. The Intersectionality includes factors like age, gender and location. Coordination strategy aims at coherent approach to accelerate the progress and achieve inclusion.

NSS releases report on disability

The National Statistical Office conducted survey of Persons with disabilities in the country between the period July 2018 and December 2018.

The main objective of the survey is to estimate indicators of incidence and prevalence of disability, facilities available to persons with disability, age at onset of disability, arrangement of regular care giver, difficulties faced by the persons with disabilities, out of pocket expenses.

The survey carried out in the year 2018 was the 76th round. It included all the disabilities that were included in The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016.

Highlights

The data was collected from 1,18,152 households. The prevalence of disability was 2.2%. Their contribution to the population was 2.3% in rural and 2% in urban. Disability among males were higher than females. The onset of disability in 365 days was 86 per 1,00,000 persons.

Around 52.2% were literate in the age group greater than 7 years. Between age group of 3 and 35 years, 10.1% attended pre-school.

The survey says that 21.8% of the disabled people in the country received aid from Government. Only 28% had certificate of disability. The unemployment rate among persons with disability was 4.2% and the Labor Force Participation Rate was 23.8%.