Disaster Managament Current Affairs - 2020

GRID 2020 report: Over 5 million displaced in India in 2019

The Global Report on Internal Displacement, GRID 2020 released by Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, IDMC said that over 5 million people have displaced in India in 2019. According to the report, this is the highest in the world.

Highlights: World

According to the report, around 33.4 million people faced displacements in the world due to conflicts and disasters. They are spread in 145 countries. In 2019, around 75% of the disasters were triggered by disasters. Out of these, 95% were due to weather hazards such as floods and storms.

The disasters were dominant in the regions such as East Asia, South Asia and Pacific. Of all, India, China, Bangladesh and Philippines each recorded more than 4 million displacements in 2019.

Highlights: India

According to the report, social and economic vulnerability, hazard intensity and high population were the major reasons for the displacement. The report says that 2.6 million people in India suffered displacement due to south west monsoon. Around 19,000 faced displacement in the country due to conflicts. They were mainly high in the regions of West Bengal and Tripura.

Solutions

The report demands greater political support. It also suggests increased investment in development sectors and humanitarian sectors.

Website launched by SAARC Disaster Management Centre for COVID-19 information

The Disaster Management Centre of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation has launched a website related to COVID-19. The website shows number of Corona virus Cases in member states.

Highlights

According to the website, currently there are 960 cases of Corona Virus in the SAARC region. Recently the SAARC leaders held a video conference to contain the spread of Corona Virus. During the Conference, PM Modi had launched SAARC COVID-19 Emergency Funds

SAARC COVID-19 Emergency Funds

India had extended 1 million USD towards SAARC COVID-19 emergency funds. Also, Bhutan, Nepal and Maldives have contributed to the funds as well.

SAARC Disaster Management Centre

The SAARC Disaster Management Centre was established in the premise of Gujarat Institute of Disaster Management in 2016. The centre provides training and capacity building services. IT also facilitates information exchanges between the SAARC members for their effective disaster risk management. The SAARC Members include Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Maldives, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Sri Lanka.