Disaster Management Current Affairs - 2019
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Odisha has come out with a unique flood hazard atlas aided by satellite imagery, which is expected to help the coastal state manage floods more efficiently. The atlas was released by Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik at the State-level Natural Calamity Meeting.
About Flood Hazard Atlas
Need: Atlas would serve as a useful resource of information for policy makers, planners and civil society groups.
Base Period: Atlas is compiled on basis of historic flood inundation captured via satellite imagery over 18 years period from year 2001 to 2018.
Firstly, all satellite data sets were analysed and flood layers were extracted from it, then all flood layers corresponding to a particular year were combined into one inundation layer, so that this layer represents maximum flooded area in 1 year period.
Then all such combined flood layers for a period of 18 years were integrated into flood hazard layer representing observed flood-inundated areas with different frequencies. This layer was integrated with digital database layers of Odisha.
Key Findings of Study
The National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Hyderabad had undertaken a study on Odisha’s flood hazard zonation.
Floods in Odisha: Every year vast areas of Odisha are inundated when there is flooding in major rivers of state, viz. Mahanadi, Subarnarekha, Brahmani, Rushikulya and Baitarani. Also, as per Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA), damages due to floods are mainly caused by Mahanadi, Brahmani and Baitarani, which have a common delta where floodwaters intermingle and when in series simultaneously cause havoc.
Flash Floods: Few districts in western and southern part of Odisha are prone to flash floods which are caused due to instant run-off from hilly catchments areas of rivers like, Vamsadhara and Budhabalanga.
Hazard Prone: The entire coastal belt is prone to storm surges, which is commonly accompanied by heavy rainfall which then makes estuary region vulnerable to both storm surges and river flooding. Few districts in Odisha’s western and southern part of are prone to flash floods.
Hazard Categories: As per NRSC analysis during 2001-2018, about 8.96% (13.96 lakh hectares) of land in Odisha was affected by floods. Out of this 13.96 lakh hectare flood-affected area nearly 2.81 lakh hectares of land falls under high inundated flood hazard categories (7-9 times) to very high inundated flood hazard categories (10-14 times).
Tags: Baitarani • Brahmani • Disaster Management • Flash Floods • Flood Hazard Atlas • Indian Space Research Organisation • ISRO • Mahanadi • National Remote Sensing Centre • Natural Disaster • Naveen Patnaik • Odisha Chief Minister • Odisha State Disaster Management Authority • OSDMA • Rushikulya • Subarnarekha
India was unanimously chosen by member countries as next co-chair of Consultative Group (CG) of Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) for fiscal year 2020. This decision was taken during Consultative Group meeting of GFDRR 2019 held from 13 May- 17 May in Geneva, Switzerland.
- About: The Consultative Group meeting held in Geneva was the 6thSession of Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) 2019.
- Co-Chair of 2019: The CG Meeting 2019 was co-chaired by the European Union (EU), Africa Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States, and World Bank.
- In addition to this, GFDRR in cooperation with UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and EU also organized 4thedition of World Reconstruction Conference (WRC) on May 13-14, 2019 in Geneva.
- Participants: includes experts, policy makers, leaders, and practitioners from various government, international organizations, academia, private sector and NGOs from both developing and developed countries.
- Significance: This is the first time that India has been given opportunity of co-chairing CG meeting of GFDRR.
- Importance: Co-Chairing will give India an opportunity to work with other member countries and organizations of GFDRR. India can contribute with a focused contribution towards advancing disaster risk reduction (DRR) agenda during its term as co-chair.
- Way Forward: India must pursue a focused agenda and develop synergies with currently ongoing work streams of GFDRR. As per India, Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (DRI) will be its central theme of engagement with GFDRR partners and stakeholders.
- In 2015, India became member of Consultative Group (CG) of GFDRR.
- At the 5th session of GFDRR held in October 2018, India expressed its interest to co-chair the meet.
- India’s candidature was backed by member countries because of India’s consistent progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR) and also various initiatives it has undertaken to form a coalition on disaster resilient infrastructure.
- It is a global partnership which helps developing countries to better understand and reduce their vulnerability to climate change and natural hazards.
- It involves a grant-funding mechanism, which is managed by World Bank. This grant funding supports disaster risk management projects throughout the world.
- At present it is working on ground with more than 400 international, national, local and regional partners. It provides funding, knowledge, and technical assistance to them.
About World Reconstruction Conference (WRC)
- It is a global forum which provides a platform to assess, collect, and share experiences about disaster recovery and reconstruction and also to take forward the policy dialogue.
- Theme for 4th edition of WRC was “ Inclusion for Resilient Recovery,”
Tags: ACP • Africa Caribbean and Pacific • Climate Change • Consultative Group • Disaster Management • Disaster Resilient Infrastructure • Disaster Risk Reduction • European Union (EU) • Geneva • GFDRR • Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery • Group of States • India 2020 • Switzerland • UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction • UNDRR • World Bank • World Reconstruction Conference