Disaster Management Current Affairs

World Tsunami Awareness Day: November 5

The World Tsunami Awareness Day is observed every year across the world on 5 November 2016 to spread awareness among people across the world about Tsunami. This year it was third edition of World Tsunami Awareness Day after it was instituted in 2015.

2018 World Tsunami Awareness Day is aligned with International Day for Disaster Reduction (observed on 13 October) and “Sendai Seven Campaign”. It focused on Target “c” of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction which aims at reducing direct disaster economic loss in relation to GDP.

Significance of the Day

  • Spread awareness among people across the world in matters related to the dangers of tsunami.
  • Stress on importance of early warning systems in order to mitigate damage from devastating natural calamity.

Background

The World Tsunami Awareness Day was designated by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by adopting a resolution in December 2015. The proposal was first mooted by Japan after the 3rd UN Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai (Japan) in March 2015.

This day coincides with the annual anniversary of the 1854 Inamura-no-hi (Fire of Inamura) event. On this day in 1854, a villager in Wakayama Prefecture in Japan through his quick action had saved countless lives after he had set fire to sheaves of rice on the top of a hill, thus warning people of the imminent danger of a tsunami. This was the first documented instance of a tsunami early warning.

Tsunami

Tsunamis are large waves that approach crashing on coasts due to seafloor movement, majorly associated with landslides or earthquakes. The word “tsunami” gets its name from the Japanese “tsu” means harbor and “nami” means wave.

Tsunami is chain of huge waves created by disturbance created underwater. These waves are normally associated with earthquakes taking place under or around the ocean. Other causes of Tsunami may be submarine landslides, coastal rock falls, volcanic eruptions or extraterrestrial collision.

Like many other natural disasters, it is difficult to predict tsunamis but it can be suggested that seismically active areas are more at risk. Tsunami waves are highly dangerous and generally look like strong walls of water. The strong waves can attack seashore for hours, thereby destructing thousands of lives.

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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Fact Sheet: Odisha Coastal Disaster Alert System

Odisha Government has launched an automatic public address system to warn citizens about cyclone and tsunami, floods.

 Key features
  • This is the first of its kind technology in field of Early Warning Dissemination System (EWDS) in India.
  • The EWDS of Odisha government has been implemented under the assistance of World Bank with a cost of around 82 crores.
  • Around 122 towers have been installed along the 480 km long coastline of the odisha state to produce sound and sirens during emergency situations.
  • Sound producing from the towers can be heard in communities within a radius of 1.5 km.
  • The button will be pressed from the state emergency centre in Bhubaneswar during an emergency situation.
  • Six coastal districts named Balasore, Bhadrak, Jagatsinghpur, Kendrapara, Puri and Ganjam have been covered under the system.
  • It’s a part of the last-mile connectivity programme under the National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project an aimed at protecting people from the cyclone effects.
  • The system will prove to be boon for the fisherman of the state.

Odisha and disasters

Odisha is vulnerable to many disasters. The state is prone to tropical cyclones, Storm surges and tsunamis. A large part of the state comes under Earthquake Risk Zone-II. The super-cyclone of 1999 which claimed 10,000 lives in Odisha. In 2013.Cyclone Phailin hit the Indian coasts. Cyclone Hudhud hit Odisha in 2014.Recently cyclone Titli hit odisha coast in 2018.

Disaster preparedness of Odisha

  • The Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA) was established in 1999.OSDMA was the first disaster management authority centre established in India.
  • Odisha has active State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA).
  • Odisha, has built close to 800 multipurpose cyclone and flood shelters in cyclone prone areas.
  • All vulnerable regions in Odisha have active Cyclone Management Centres.
  • Odisha Disaster Rapid Action Force (ODRAF) is a well known name in cyclone hit areas.

The continuous focus on developing manpower, skill, and infrastructure, state of Odisha has emerged as one of the most disaster-ready states in the world today

Month: Categories: States Current Affairs - 2018

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