Disaster Management Current Affairs - 2020
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The National Disaster Response Force of Government of India is to host the second BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise-2020 (BIMSTEC DMEx-2020). The exercise is to be held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha between February 11, 2020 and February 13, 2020.
The main objective of the exercise is to test the existing emergency procedures, disaster problems, during flood, earthquake and storms. The exercise will also stress upon restoring heritage sites damaged due to disasters.
The BIMSTEC countries namely Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Nepal are to participate in the exercise. The other two BIMSTEC countries namely Thailand and Bhutan are not participating in the exercise this time. The exercise includes Table Top Exercise on Hotel Myfair. The Hotel is a collapsed structure. On the second day, field training exercise is to be held on aquatic disaster response that will focus on Ramachndi beach in Puri. The beach is a cultural heritage site.
The exercise is held under the theme
Theme: A Cultural Heritage Site that suffers severe damage in the Earthquake and Flooding or Storm
Tags: BIMSTEC • Cyclone • Disaster • Disaster Management • Earthquake
The National Disaster Response Force is to establish a specialized unit for heritage structures.
- The specialized unit is to be established in every battalion of the NDRF.
- It will help preserve monuments and heritage structures that are damaged and battered by natural disasters.
- It will also hold the responsibility of rescue and restoration of the structure.
About the Unit
The plan is to form set of personnel in each battalion of NDRF. They will become trained professionals on preserving heritage structures in pre and post disaster scenario.
Strategies of UNESCO: To preserve disaster prone Heritages
UNESCO believes that the Earthquake that occurred in Kathmandu in 2015 and the fire at the Royal Palaces of Abomey, Benin are best examples of vulnerability of cultural heritages. In order to preserve them from disasters, the following initiatives were taken by UNESCO
- In 2002, the Budapest Declaration was signed on World Heritage. According to the Declaration it is the responsibility of the “World Heritage Committee” to make sure the properties under World Heritage List are passed on to generations of the future as their rightful inheritance
- The United Nations General Assembly adopted the “Strategy for Risk Reduction at World Heritage Properties” in 2007. It is being implemented by the World Heritage Committee
- The “Sendai Framework” includes several references to culture and heritage under its “Disaster Risk Reduction” framework
Tags: Disaster Management • NDRF • NDRF battalions • Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction • UNESCO