Disaster Management Current Affairs - 2020

Panel formed by Delhi LG to advise Delhi Disaster Management Authority

The Lieutenant Governor of Delhi Anil Baijal has formed an Expert Advisory Committee to advise the Delhi Disaster Management Authority (DDMA).

Highlights

The committee has been formed to address the challenges faced in Delhi and also ramp up medical infrastructure. The committee will also advice the DDMA to integrate measures of various agencies to effectively mitigate COVID-19. The Director General of ICMR, director of AIIMS are all part of the committee.

Disaster Management Authority

The National Disaster Management Authority lays down guidelines to be followed by the State Authorities. The Disaster Management Act, 2005 provides detailed legal frameworks of the disaster management authority at national, state and district levels.

The State Disaster Management Authority is headed by the Chief Minister of the state. The SDMA lays down plans for the disaster management in the state. The State Executive committee that operates under the Chief Secretary of the state coordinates and monitors implementation of national policy, national plan and state plan.

In Delhi

Under Section 14 of Disaster Management Act, 2005, the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi is the Chairperson of Delhi Disaster Management Authority and the CM of Delhi is the Vice-Chairperson of the authority.

National Crisis Management Committee meets to review AMPHAN preparedness

The AMPHAN Super Cyclone is expected to reach West Bengal by May 20, 2020. The wind speeds are expected to be between 155 km/hr and 165 km/hr. In order to review the preparatory measures, the National Crisis Management Committee met under the chairmanship of Cabinet Secretary.

National Crisis Management Committee

The National Crisis Management Committee oversees the command, coordination and control of disaster response. It gives direction to the Crisis Management Group as when necessary.

Functions of the Committee

The National Crisis Management Committee reviews the measures required to deal with natural calamity. It coordinates the activities of the state governments and central ministries in relation to disaster preparedness.

Upon constitution of National Crisis Management Committee, the Agriculture secretary seeks directions and provides information in all matters.

Background

Between 1965 and 2017, around 46 severe cyclonic storms have hit Bay of Bengal. Cyclone Phailin that hit in 2013 and super cyclone of 1999 are the cyclones that affected the coasts of Odisha badly. In 2019, Cyclone Fani made landfall in Odisha that claimed lives of 40 people.