Disaster Management Current Affairs - 2020

Facts Box: Fuel Cell Technology for Disaster Management

The scientists of ARCI (Advanced Research for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials) recently developed PEMFC (Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells). The technology is to be used to manage Natural Disasters.

Highlights

The PEMFC is a system with 10 KW capacity. They have operational advantage to operate at low-temperature in decentralized systems of power generation. The technology was developed at Chennai centre of ARCI.

The system is to be used to operate early warning systems using phones, ethernet, computers, FAX, etc.

Significance

The technology is to act as power house to Emergency Operation Centres. The Control Rooms that respond to disasters are now being altered as Emergency Operation Centres. Therefore, the technology has come in at the right time.

It provides immediate support during Golden Hour. They operate using hydrogen gas and there is no necessity to use grid power.

Fuel Cells

The Fuel cell uses chemical energy to generate electricity. It consists of 2 electrodes called anode and cathode. It also holds an electrolyte that acts as catalyst to speed up reactions at electrodes. The main advantage of fuel cell is that it creates minimum waste (pollution).

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Disaster Management Exercise of BIMSTEC NDRF begins in Bhubaneswar

The National Disaster Response Force of Government of India is to host the second BIMSTEC Disaster Management Exercise-2020 (BIMSTEC DMEx-2020). The exercise is to be held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha between February 11, 2020 and February 13, 2020.

The main objective of the exercise is to test the existing emergency procedures, disaster problems, during flood, earthquake and storms. The exercise will also stress upon restoring heritage sites damaged due to disasters.

Highlights

The BIMSTEC countries namely Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Nepal are to participate in the exercise. The other two BIMSTEC countries namely Thailand and Bhutan are not participating in the exercise this time. The exercise includes Table Top Exercise on Hotel Myfair. The Hotel is a collapsed structure. On the second day, field training exercise is to be held on aquatic disaster response that will focus on Ramachndi beach in Puri. The beach is a cultural heritage site.

Theme

The exercise is held under the theme

Theme: A Cultural Heritage Site that suffers severe damage in the Earthquake and Flooding or Storm

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